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Archive for November 12th, 2007

SADDAM’S CAPTURE: THE PERCEPTION VS. THE TRUTH

Posted by musliminsuffer on November 12, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

SADDAM’S CAPTURE: THE PERCEPTION VS. THE TRUTH

Malcom Lagauche

12saddham.jpg

Saddam Hussein with colleagues shortly before the airport battle

November 12, 2007

Saddam Hussein was not captured in a “spider hole” in December 2003. I wrote an article called “Saddam Hussein and Reality” that chronicled the capture and the following days.

Unfortunately, almost four years after the apprehension of the president of Iraq, many people still believe the fairy tale version given by the U.S. Even Fidel Castro recently said that, unlike Saddam, he would have never allowed his adversaries to capture him in a hole. He would have shot it out with the enemy.

I admire Fidel Castro and the Cuban revolution. In fact, parts of the Ba’ath revolution in Iraq were similar to those in Cuba, such as the astute medical and education systems. If Fidel Castro believed the propaganda, then we must be stronger in our attempts to get the truth out. Saddam was caught doing just what Fidel said he would do: battling the intruders.

We all saw the photos in December 2003 of a disheveled Saddam Hussein after he was pulled out of a “spider hole” in a town near Tikrit. The administration laughed and the U.S. public made jokes about him and his hiding place.

The room was dirty. There was an empty Spam can. The story was that he was holed up and was totally irrelevant to Iraq. His day was done and he was now in the hands of the liberators.

Guess what? Nothing of this scenario was true.

On March 8, 2005, United Press International (UPI) ran a small press release titled “Public Version of Saddam Capture Fiction.” Don’t think you are remiss because you did read this, but it received scant publicity in the U.S. Prior to my writing this article, I have found only one news outlet that carried the story: WHAM Channel 13 of Rochester, New York.

The U.P.I. press release consisted of quotes from ex-U.S. Marine Nadim Rabeh, of Lebanese descent. In addition to the U.S. version of the capture date being off by one day, during an interview in Lebanon, he stated:

I was among the 20-man unit, including eight of Arab descent, who searched for Saddam for three days in the area of Dour near Tikrit, and we found him in a modest home in a small village and not in a hole as announced.

We captured him after fierce resistance during which a Marine of Sudanese origin was killed.

Rabeh recounted how Saddam fired at them with a gun from the window of a room on the second floor. Then, the Marines shouted at him in Arabic, “You have to surrender. There is no point in resisting.”

How did we come to see the pictures of the hole and a scruffy-looking Saddam? According to Rabeh, “Later on, a military production team fabricated the film of Saddam’s capture in a hole, which was in fact a deserted well.”

The former Marine’s account mixes with the rendition Saddam Hussein gave his lawyer when they had their first meeting. Saddam told him that he was captured in a friend’s house and that he was drugged and tortured for two days. Hence, the pictures of Saddam looking bedraggled.

I went to Google.com and searched for images of Saddam’s capture. All the major news networks and publications showed pictures of the hole and a beleaguered Saddam: Time Magazine, CNN News, magazines, daily newspapers, etc. You name it and they published it.

But, they were all wrong. Not one publication took the time to research the story. Not one. They just took pictures given by the U.S. military and parroted the lines they were given.

I always wondered how he obtained a can of pork-laden Spam, since no such product was offered in Iraq. It seems no one asked how a can of Spam was in the hole. A few years ago, there was a picture on the Internet that gained much publicity of a bunch of U.S. soldiers standing next to an Iraqi building on which was depicted the blowing up of the World Trade Center. The inference was that Iraqis took glee in the acts of 9-11.

However, I noticed the soldiers were standing on a base path of a baseball field. There were no baseball fields in Iraq. Then, I looked at the trees and saw they were typical southeastern U.S. types that I had never seen in any pictures of Iraq.

The photo was bogus, but the harm had been done. Even mainstream media picked up and ran with the picture. I wrote to a few agencies that used it, but received no reply. They were embarrassed.

Now, let’s get back to Saddam and his spider hole and other aspects of his life after April 9, 2003.

I have heard anecdotal tales of Saddam Hussein taking part in street battles against U.S. troops. Various sources have told me this. So, I wrote to an Iraqi contact in Baghdad (a retired colonel) and asked him. I received a response about that as well as Saddam’s capture. Here are a few items he mentioned.

  • Saddam’s inside wear was very clean, which gives the impression he was not in a hole.
  • At the time they said they captured him, no dates were available, but the trees they showed in the films had fresh dates on the palm trees and this was not possible.
  • My house is in the Adhamiya and I can say that I saw Saddam after they announced the fall of Baghdad. I saw him myself. He was standing on a bonnet of a car. He was giving smiles to the people around him who were encouraging him by their loyalty, which they always had.
  • As I know, Saddam was on top of the battle at the airport.
  • What I heard was that he was on top of many assaults against the Americans.

The full story in
http://uruknet.info/?p=m38091&hd=&size=1&l=e

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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Palestinian Folklore Dancing Banned in a US School

Posted by musliminsuffer on November 12, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Palestinian Folklore Dancing Banned in a US School

Sabbah’s blog

el-funoun-cropped-483.jpg

Photo by: El-Funoun Palestinian Popular Dance Troupe


November 10, 2007

Now this is the most disgusting piece of news I’ve read today:

OLD SAYBROOK, Conn. – Officials in Old Saybrook have canceled performances by a Palestinian dance troupe after getting a complaint that it is offensive to Jews and Israel.
The decision involves planned performances at the town’s elementary and middle schools by Al-Ghad Folklore Dancing Troupe.
Town resident Ginger Horton says she felt compelled to complain to school officials after her two grandchildren told her they were offended by the troupe’s performance at the high school Monday.

Here is the yucky part:

Horton says the grandchildren told her the high school performance depicted Israeli soldiers beating and torturing Palestinians.
School Superintendent Joseph Onofrio says he canceled further performances after learning several parents questioned whether it was appropriate for their children. [Source]

Keep in mind the following:

1. Who is offended? American Jewish, not Israeli… or are they?

2. What they are offended by? “Depicted Israeli soldiers beating and torturing Palestinians”. What? Offended because the victim depicted the aggressor? Holly God!

More details from the same news source:

The performance by Al-Ghad Folklore Dancing Troupe of Beit Sahour was meant to be cultural and not overtly political, said the Rev. David W. Good, senior minister of the First Congregational Church of Old Lyme, where the troupe performed this past weekend.
But resident Ginger Horton said she felt compelled to complain to school officials after her two grandchildren told her they were offended by the troupe’s performance at the high school Monday.
“[My] grandchildren came home very frightened,” Horton said Thursday.
Good, who saw the performance at the school, disagreed.
“I saw nothing there that was anti-Jewish,” Good said. “It was a cultural program … Anything of this nature, given the realities of where they live, the political realities are a short distance away.”

The key words here are “The performance … meant to be cultural and not overtly political”. This is politically and culturally wrong statement. It only shows that Mr. Good doesn’t know that the resistance of the Israeli occupation is (inevitably) part of the Palestinian culture.

It is nothing but a Zionist tactic to tag everything that uncovers their crimes as anti-Jewish and anti-Semitic.

Reading on…

Good said many of the dances performed were simply traditional, but he acknowledged one was particularly upsetting to a male student in the audience. That more modern dance “certainly expressed the frustration of detention by Israeli soldiers” and dealt with curfews, checkpoints and the realities of detention, Good said.
The male student became angry and said Palestinians “do not want peace even though they talk about peace in their dances,” Good said.
At the end of the performance, the student pursued the performers, he said.
“He was angrily shaking a finger in the face of a Palestinian girl,” Good said. “I asked him to stop.”
Horton said it was inappropriate for the public school system to host what she called a hateful, politically charged event.

Now who is hateful? The Palestinian dancers of those who attacked them and gave a finger to a Palestinian girl? Yet, the dancers (victims) were punished, not the attacker(s)… as usual practice by the ignorant American public (minority of Americans knows and support the truth, that is the Palestinians rights and fight against the Israeli occupation. To those, a salute).

Reading on…

“My concern was that it would be stopped, and we stopped it,” said Horton, who also contacted the Jewish Federation Association of Connecticut.
School Superintendent Joseph Onofrio, who did not attend the high school performance, said a male Jewish student became “emotionally charged and upset” by the visitors’ depiction of Jews.

So, they were afraid of the Jewish Federation Association of Connecticut and called the show off. But again (and sorry for the repetition), who said that they depicted Jews? They depict the Israeli aggression and some of its behaviors (torture, checkpoints, etc…). What the hell all this have to do with Jews?

Reading on…

Bob Fishman, executive director of the Jewish Federation Association of Connecticut, said Old Saybrook public schools should not host groups with a perceived political agenda. He lauded upset local students and family members who “stepped up.”
“It was a very disturbing report [Horton] got from her grandchildren,” Fishman said. “I advised her that it’s not appropriate for a sponsor to say it’s cultural when it’s primarily political.”
Fishman said his organization plans to discuss the performances with state legislators and top state education officials.
“These are public schools, taxpayer dollars,” Fishman said.
“They were very careful” not to make a political statement, Good said of the troupe. “They were asked to share their dance, and share their story living in the occupied territory. They did so through music.”

Let’s judge by the American Jews (or should I say, Zionist) actions.

Are we to assume that the “upset male Jewish student”, Mr. Fishman, the Jewish Federation Association of Connecticut and Mrs. Horten’s positions are non-political?

Mrs. Horton said her “grandchildren came home very frightened,” yet it was the Jewish protesters who played the “Heavies” in this episode, not the dancers.

It was the Zionist perspective that denied free speech. The Palestinian dancers were expressing the Israel curfews, checkpoints, torture and the realities of detention because they are as much a part of Palestinian life and cultural experience as the “Wailing Wall” and the Holocaust are to Jews.

Canceling the show is awful and everything that followed is a result of acquiescence to censorship and intimidation by a vocal minority. Art and dance act as commentary on the human condition with all its glories, tragedies and blemishes, no matter the source. Caving in to calls for censorship, in a supposedly ‘free society’, can be a slippery slope indeed. Who gets to be the arbiter of what we all get to see? Should it be an “aggravated Jewish student”? Should it be a pathetic bureaucrat fearful of offending some vocal minority? Who will you surrender your intellect to?

The full story in
http://uruknet.info/?p=m38077&hd=&size=1&l=e

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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VIDEOS FOX ATTACKS Iran : It’s Not Terrorism If The US Does It

Posted by musliminsuffer on November 12, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Fox News: Guilty of Incitement to Terrorism?

by Sarah Meyer

Index Research

Recently, a “lyrical terrorist’ was convicted in the UK over hate records. I was not aware that the UK, like the US, had a law against “Thought Crimes.”

Surely this woman is not as guilty of incitement to terrorism as Fox News?

VIDEOS FOX ATTACKS Iran : It’s Not Terrorism If The US Does It

[In the clip below, Fox and Friends’ Brian Kilmeade openly calls for US support for acts of terrorism­such as car bombings­in Tehran. His criminal remarks are a direct offense to victims of terrorism all around the world and render Kilmeade morally equivalent to terrorist groups like al Qaeda which he ostensibly denounces.]

The full story and video in
http://www.antiwar.com/blog/2007/11/10/its-not-terrorism-if-the-us-military-does-it/

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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A SPECTER IS HAUNTING AMERICA : U.S. evangelicals raise specter of ‘Islamofascism’ to rouse voters

Posted by musliminsuffer on November 12, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

A SPECTER IS HAUNTING AMERICA

(Ben Heine © Cartoons)

[]

Unlike the ‘specter’ described in Karl Marx’s writings, the specter is not that of Communism, but it is ‘Islamofascism’.
As ridiculous was the fear of a communist takeover in all of Europe, so is this new fear.

A fear started by the zionists and their allies, now supported by their ‘comrades’ in the Evangelical ‘Christian’ Movement. A fear that will only lead to an increase in hatred and division within American society as is demonstrated in my previous post regarding racial profiling.

An update of this can be read in the following Associated Press report….

U.S. evangelicals raise specter of ‘Islamofascism’ to rouse voters
By The Associated Press

Following last month’s Values Voter Summit in Washington, conservative Christian power-broker Gary Bauer sent an e-mail to supporters.

“The war against Islamofascism is in many respects a ‘values issue,'” Bauer wrote. “That may seem like an odd statement at first glance, but, as I have often said, losing Western Civilization to this vicious enemy would be immoral.”

From one perspective, branding “radical Islam” as a family values issue is yet another example of the broadening of the evangelical agenda. But next November, it also could energize one of the Republican Party’s key voting blocs, much like anti-gay marriage measures did in 2004.

“It’s the ultimate life issue,” said Rick Scarborough, president of the Texas-based conservative Christian group Vision America. “If radical Islam succeeds in its ultimate goals, Christianity ceases to exist.”

With America at war in Iraq and continued aftershocks from the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, national security is an issue for all the campaigns. But disagreement exists about how to frame the threat, with Republicans more likely to blame radical Islam and Democrats speaking more generally about terrorism.

The use of “Islamofascism” is another flashpoint. Proponents of the term argue that Islamic radicals who embrace totalitarian methods evoke European fascist movements of the early 20th century. Critics call it manufactured propaganda, a 21st-century scare tactic that fails to capture the complex causes of terrorism.

Several voices in evangelical political circles have sounded alarms about militant Islam recently:

* Televangelist Pat Robertson, explaining his endorsement this week of former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani, said “the overriding issue before the American people is the defense of our population from the bloodlust of Islamic terrorists.”

* Perhaps the nation’s most influential evangelical leader, James Dobson, has spotlighted the issue a dozen times over the past year on his Focus on the Family radio show. Dobson has warned that both Republicans and Democrats need to “wake up” to the dangers of militant Islam.

* At the annual meeting of the Southern Baptist Convention in June, evangelical thinker Charles Colson spoke of a “long war” against Islamofascists.

“It was not by accident,” said Bauer, who worked in the Reagan administration. “Reagan knew conservative Christians do tend to look at these big clashes between the West and our opponents in terms of morality and right and wrong.”

Tensions between evangelical Christianity and Islam are long-standing, too. Aside from major theological differences, the two traditions work tirelessly to win new believers and often compete. Evangelical missionary groups have long protested restrictions on access to predominantly Muslim nations in Africa and the Middle East.

“These Christian right activists are very concerned with order,” said John Green, a senior fellow with the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life. “And radical Islam, in the same way that radical Communism was, is a threat that would interfere with families, with good government, and also the church and the spreading of the Gospel.”

Not surprisingly, U.S. Muslim leaders are critical of the pitched rhetoric and warn of the consequences if evangelical leaders fail to separate militants from the vast majority of Muslims.

“If you look at the global picture, what these groups are doing is reinforcing the idea that America is in a crusade against Islam, and that this not a war against a group of extremists, but a war between religions,” said Salam Al-Marayati, executive director of the Los Angeles-based Muslim Public Affairs Council. “In the long run, it’s to the detriment of America’s interests and it’s pandering to a bloc of voters in a very shortsighted way.”

So what kind of solutions do Christian conservative leaders propose for battling what they see as a real threat?

One is staying in Iraq. More than 40 conservative leaders, most of them social conservatives, signed a declaration in September warning against the “catastrophic” consequences of withdrawing from Iraq. The statement said the war “must be seen in the broader context of Islamo-fascism’s war on America and Western Civilization.”

If voter turnout is a goal, linking radical Islam and Iraq might prove risky. While white evangelicals remain among the strongest supporters of the Iraq War, that support is waning: 56 percent said in October the U.S. was right to use military force against Iraq, down from 67 percent in December 2004, according to the Pew Research Center.

Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, who is aggressively courting evangelicals, produced a TV ad in Iowa titled “Jihad,” in which he says, “It’s this century’s nightmare, jihadism – violent, radical Islamic fundamentalism.”

Those who fall short get singled out. Tony Perkins of the Family Research Council accused former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee, a favorite of many Christian conservatives, for failing to grasp the threat of radical Islam.

Huckabee has since tried to make amends. In a Republican debate in Orlando, the former Southern Baptist minister labeled Islamofascism “the greatest threat this country’s ever faced.”

The full story in
http://desertpeace.blogspot.com/2007/11/specter-is-haunting-america.html

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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RACIAL PROFILING ~~ PRELUDE TO GENOCIDE?

Posted by musliminsuffer on November 12, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

RACIAL PROFILING ~~ PRELUDE TO GENOCIDE?

A DesertPeace Editorial

Image ‘Copyleft’ by Carlos Latuff

[]

Interesting how racial profiling takes on different venues in different countries. My own observations in Israel are as follows…. There has ALWAYS been a separation of sorts between the Jewish and Palestinian population here. In the 80’s all Arab taxi drivers had license plates that began with the numbers 666…. this was interesting as the concept is taken from the New Testament, not the Old. Coincidence? I think not… It was a way to ‘alert’ prospective Jewish passengers that the driver was ‘one of them’….’not one of us’ very subtle, but very damaging to the person trying to earn a living.

There was also a colour scheme used on Identity Cards; Jewish Israelis had theirs in a plastic folio that was blue, Palestinians from the territories had theirs in an orange folio. This was a ‘quick’ way to distinguish the Jew from the Palestinian. On the card itself, it identified the bearer as Jew or Arab. (brings to mind one of the complaints Jews in the Former Soviet Union had, they resented the fact that they were ‘forced’ to carry ID cards identifying them as Jews, I don’t hear them complaining here…)

The words Jew or Arab were recently replaced by a series of asterisks, the number of which identifies the bearer in the same way.

The above methods of separation or profiling eventually led to the building of a wall to completely separate the two peoples. This was done under the guise of security…. it was actually done to be able to have complete control over those occupied including the facilitation of their slaughter. In other words, genocide was the eventual plan.

Another example of profiling comes from wartime Denmark. The occupying nazis order all of the Jews living there to wear a yellow star on their arm. It is believed that the first Danish citizen to put on that star was the King of Denmark himself, followed by thousands of his subjects, making it impossible for the nazis to determine who was a Jew and who wasn’t. This is one of the most brilliant acts of resistance to profiling. Unlike other countries in Eastern Europe, the Jews of Denmark were not rounded up and slaughtered.

Profiling continues today. The most recent example occurred in Los Angeles just the other day when the local police force starting ‘mapping out’ Muslim communities. On Thursday, Deputy Chief Michael P. Downing stated that “We want to know where the Pakistanis, Iranians and Chechens are so we can reach out to those communities.”
He also said he wanted to “take a deeper look at the history, demographics, language, culture, ethnic breakdown, socioeconomic status and social interactions of the city’s Muslim communities.”

Also on Thursday, several Muslim groups and the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California sent Downing a letter expressing “grave concerns” about the program.
“Singling out individuals for investigation, surveillance, and data-gathering based on their religion constitutes religious profiling that is just as unlawful, ill-advised and deeply offensive as racial profiling,” said the letter.

Once the areas are ‘mapped out’ will a wall be built to separate them from the rest of society? Will the residents within the wall be asked to wear a yellow crescent on their arm? Where will it stop??

My question is will the American people allow this to happen to a section of their population? ‘Security’ at the expense of another’s rights is not security. No one is free unless we all are, that is security.

The examples I gave at the start of this post might seem exaggerated to some of my readers, I can assure you that they are all based on fact. There is no doubt in my mind that profiling is a prelude to genocide… DON’T ALLOW IT TO HAPPEN!

The full story in
http://desertpeace.blogspot.com/2007/11/racial-profiling-prelude-to-genocide.html

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East – Israel

Posted by musliminsuffer on November 12, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East – Israel

Weapons of Mass Destruction Capabilities and Programs1

Updated: April 2006

Nuclear [2]

  • Sophisticated nuclear weapons program with an estimated 100-200 weapons, which can be delivered by ballistic missiles or aircraft.
  • Nuclear arsenal may include thermonuclear weapons.
  • IRR-2 40-150MW heavy water reactor and plutonium processing facility at Dimona, which are not under IAEA safeguards.
  • IRR-1 5MW research reactor at Soreq, under IAEA safeguards.
  • Not a signatory of the NPT; signed the CTBT on 9/25/96.

Chemical [3]

  • Active weapons program, but not believed to have deployed chemical warheads on ballistic missiles.
  • Production capability for mustard and nerve agents.
  • Signed the CWC on 1/13/93; has not yet ratified.

Biological [4]

  • Production capability and extensive research reportedly conducted at the Biological Research Institute in Ness Ziona.
  • No publicly confirmed evidence of production.
  • Not a signatory of the BTWC.

Ballistic missiles [5]

  • Approximately 50 Jericho-2 missiles with 1,500km range and 1,000kg payload, nuclear warheads may be stored in close proximity.
  • Approximately 50-100 Jericho-1 missiles with 500-1,000km range and 500kg payload.
  • MGM-52 Lance missiles with 130km range and 450kg payload.
  • Shavit space launch vehicle (SLV) with 4,500km range and 150-250kg payload.
  • Unconfirmed reports of Jericho-3 program under development using Shavit technologies, with a range up to 4,800km and 1,000kg payload.
  • Developing LK-1 and LK-2 (Shavit upgrades) with 350kg and 800kg payloads, respectively.

Cruise missiles [6]

  • Gabriel-4 anti-ship cruise missile with 200km range and 500kg payload.
  • Harpoon anti-ship cruise missile with 120km range and 220kg payload.
  • Alleged Popeye Turbo air-launched cruise missile with 200-300km range and unknown payload.

Other delivery systems [7]

  • Fighter and ground-attack aircraft include: 25 F-15I, 6 F-15D, 18 F-15C, 2 F-15B, 36 F-15A, 52 F-16I, 54 F-16D, 76 F-16C, 8 F-16B, 67 F-16A, 50 F-4E-2000, 20 F-4E, 5 Kfir C7 (in service), and 79 A-4N (in service).
  • Ground systems include artillery and rocket launchers. Also, Popeye-3 land-attack air-launched missile with 350km range and 360kg payload, and Popeye-1 land-attack air-launched missile with 100km range and 395kg payload.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) [8]

  • Harpy lethal unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with 500km range and unknown payload.
  • Delilah/STAR-1 UAV with 400km range and 50kg payload.
  • Hunter UAV with 300km range and 114kg payload.
  • Heron UAV with up to 1,000km range and 250kg payload.
  • Hermes 450 UAV with 200km range and 150kg payload.
  • Pioneer UAV with 185km range and approximately 15-25kg payload.
  • Scout and Mastif UAVs with unknown ranges and payloads.
  • Searcher UAV with 250km range and 100kg payload.
  • Ranger UAV with 100-150km range and 45kg payload.
  • Development of Skylark Mini-UAV with range of 10km and unknown payload.

Sources:

  1. This chart summarizes data available from public sources. Precise assessment of a state’s capabilities is difficult because most weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs remain secret and cannot be verified independently.
  2. Most public estimates range between 100-200 weapons (e.g., Amy Dockser Marcus, “Growing Dangers: U.S. Drive to Curb Doomsday Weapons In Mideast Is Faltering,” Wall Street Journal, 9/6/96, p. A1), but one analyst concludes that “the Israeli nuclear arsenal contains as many as 400 deliverable nuclear and thermonuclear weapons.” Harold Hough, “Could Israel’s Nuclear Assets Survive A First Strike?” Jane’s Intelligence Review, 9/97, p. 410. Israel’s nuclear capability is by most accounts quite sophisticated, and may include “intercontinental-range, fractional-orbit-delivered thermonuclear weapons; thermonuclear or boosted nuclear-armed, two-stage, solid-fuel, intermediate-range ballistic missiles with a range of 3,000km; older, less accurate, nuclear-armed, theatre-range, solid-fuel ballistic missiles; air-deliverable, variable-yield, boosted nuclear bombs; artillery-delivered, enhanced-radiation, tactical weapons; and small nuclear demolition charges.” Kenneth S. Brower, “A Propensity For Conflict: Potential Scenarios And Outcomes Of War In The Middle East,” Jane’s Intelligence Review Special Report No. 14, p. 15. See also: Anthony H. Cordesman, “Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East: National Efforts, War Fighting Capabilities, Weapons Lethality, Terrorism, and Arms Control Implications” (Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2/98), p. 19. “Nuclear Forces Guide,” Federation of American Scientists, 10/10/97, [Online] http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/israel/facility/index.html. International Atomic Energy Agency, “Situation on 31 December 1996 with respect to the conclusion of safeguards agreements between the Agency and non-nuclear-weapon States in connection with the NPT,” [Online] http://www.iaea.or.at/worldatom/program/safeguards/96tables/safenpt.html. Nuclear Engineering International, 1998 World Nuclear Industry Handbook (Essex, UK: Wilmington Publishing Ltd, 1998), p. 114. Cordesman, “Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East: The Impact on the Regional Military Balance,” CSIS (Working Draft), 3/25/05, p. 49, [Online] http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/050325_proliferation[1].pdf.
  3. Dana Priest, “In U.S. Weapons Crusade, Allies Get Scant Mention,” Washington Post, 4/14/98, p. 1. Cordesman, 1998, p. 18-19. Steve Rodan, “Bitter Choices: Israel’s Chemical Dilemma,” Jerusalem Post, 8/18/97, [Online] http://www.jpost.co.il. David Makovsky, “Israel Must Ratify Chemical Treaty,” Ha’aretz, 1/8/98, [Online] http://www3.haaretz.co.il/eng.
  4. Cordesman, 1998, p. 19. “Chemical and Biological Weapons Facilities,” Federation of American Scientists, 10/10/97, [Online] http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/israel/facility/cbw.htm. P.R. Kumaraswamy, “Marcus Klingberg and Israel’s ‘Biological Option,'” Middle East International, 8/16/96, pp. 21-22. Zafir Rinat, “Nerve Gas Antidote in Works,” Ha’aretz, 12/12/97, [Online] http://www3.haaretz.co.il/eng. Edna Homa Hunt, “Israel’s Biological and Chemical Research and Development – Potential Menace at Home and Abroad,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, 4/98, pp. 84, 93. Liat Collins, “Bio Institute to Come Under Close Inspection,” Jerusalem Post, 2/19/97, [Online] http://www.jpost.co.il. P.R. Kumaraswamy, “Has Israel Kept its BW Options Open?” Jane’s Intelligence Review, 3/98, p. 22.
  5. “Missile and Space Launch Capabilities of Selected Countries,” The Nonproliferation Review, forthcoming 1998. Duncan Lennox, ed., “Country Inventory – In Service,” “In-Service Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missiles,” “In Service Short-Range Ballistic Missiles,” “Shavit,” and “Offensive Weapons – Unclassified Projects, Israel,” Jane’s Strategic Weapons Systems Issue 24, 5/97. Cordesman, 1998, p.18. Cordesman, 2005, pp, 46-47. “Missile Master Table: Finland-Japan,” Centre for Defence and International Security Studies, [Online] http://www.cdiss.org/master2.htm. Directorate of Space Programs, US Air Force Acquisitions, “Shavit,” [Online] http://www.safaq.af.hq.mil/aqs/vehicle/shavit.htm. Pierre Langereux, “Dassault Lifts the Lid on the Jericho Missile Story,” Air & Cosmos/Aviation International, no. 1590, 12/6/96, p. 36. Shawn L. Twing, “Israel Seeks US Permission to Launch Rockets from NASA Facility in Virginia,” Washington Report On Middle East Affairs, 4-5/97, pp. 29, 85. Tim Furniss, “Satellite Launcher Directory,” Flight International, 12/10-16/97, pp. 28-34. Foreign Defense Assistance and Defense Export Organization (SIBAT), Israel’s Defense Sales Directory, 1997/98 (Tel Aviv: Ministry of Defense, 1997), p. 84. “Worldwide Ballistic Missile Inventories,” Arms Control Association, 6/02, [Online] http://www.armscontrol.org/pdf/missiles.pdf. “Missile Capabilities,” Nuclear Threat Initiative, 4/04, [Online] http://www.nti.org/profiles/israel/missile/3564.html. “Shavit,” Israel Aircraft Industries, 2002, [Online] Http://www.iai.co.il/Default.aspx?docID=15689&FolderID=14471〈=en.
  6. Lennox. Cordesman, 1998, p. 18. CDISS. Lennox, “Offensive Weapons – Unclassified Projects, Israel.” SIBAT, pp. 53, 55, 57. Israel possesses all three versions of the US-made Harpoon cruise missile, which are designed for launch from ships (AGM 84A), submarines (RGM 84A), and aircraft (UGM 84A). “Popeye Turbo,” Federation of American Scientists, 6/20/00, [Online] http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/israel/missile/popeye-t.htm. “Popeye Turbo,” GlobalSecurity.org, 4/28/05, [Online] http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/israel/popeye-t.htm. “Israel, Iran Reportedly Competing in Nuclear Arms Race,” Yedi’ot Aharonot, 12/4/05 in FBIS Document GMP20051204618002. Cameron S. Brown, “Israel and the WMD Threat: Lessons for Europe,” Middle East Review of International Affairs 8(3), 9/04, p. 6.
  7. The Military Balance 1997/98 (London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1997), pp. 129-130. Arieh O’Sullivan, “New F-15I Warplanes Extend Israel’s Reach,” The Jerusalem Post [Online] http://www.jpost.co.il/. Ze’ev Schiff, “F-15Is Are Not The Complete Answer To The Iran Threat,” Ha’aretz, 1/20/98, [Online] http://www3.haaretz.co.il/. “Israel,” Middle East Military Balance, 3/05, pp. 17-20, [Online] http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/balance/Israel.pdf. “Israel Air Force [IAF] / Air Corps (Hel Avir),” GlobalSecurity.org, 4/27/05, [Online] http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/israel/iaf.htm. Alon Ben David, “IDF Adapts Doctrine and Structure in Response to Shifting Regional Priorities,” International Defense Review, 3/1/05. Reuven Predatzur and Steve Rodan, “Israel Country Briefing: Centre Stage,” Jane’s Defense Weekly, 3/1/02. The IAF has ordered 102 F-16Is from the U.S. company Lockheed Martin in two batches of 52 aircraft. The second delivery is to take place between 2006 and 2009.
  8. Predatzur, 2002. “Israel Aircraft Industries’ HUNTER Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Receives Praise from the United States Department of Defense for its Role in the Kosovo – Macedonia Arena,” Israel Aircraft Industries, 11/20/01, [Online] http://www.iai.co.il/Default.aspx?docID=22329&FolderID=16724〈=en. “Searcher MK-II,” Israel Aircraft Industries, 2002, [Online] http://www.iai.co.il/Default.aspx?docID=15742&FolderID=18894〈=EN&res=0&pos=0. “Hunter Family,” Israel Aircraft Industries, 2002, [Online] http://www.iai.co.il/Default.aspx?FolderID=18898〈=EN&res=0&pos=0. “Heron,” Israel Aircraft Industries, 2002, [Online] http://www.iai.co.il/Default.aspx?docID=16382&FolderID=18900〈=EN&res=0&pos=0. “Hermes 450,” Federation of American Scientists, 9/21/99, [Online] http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ac/row/hermes-450.htm. Maj. Christopher A. Jones, USAF, “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs): An Assessment of Historical Operations and Future Possibilities,” U.S. Air Command and Staff College, 3/97, p. 31, [Online] http://www.fas.org/irp/program/collect/docs/97-0230D.pdf. “Israel,” Middle East Military Balance, 11/05, p. 20, [Online] http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/balance/Israel.pdf. “Skylark UAV Makes its First Flight/ Rafael Conducts Successful Trial Flight of the Skylark Shoulder-Launched Mini – UAV,” RAFAEL Armament Development Authority, Ltd., 2/17/04, [Online] http://www.rafael.co.il/marketing/news.aspx?FolderID=427&docID=1287.

Originally prepared by Michael Barletta and Erik Jorgensen, May 1998;
Updated by Sammy Salama and Alexis Zeiger, April 2006.

© Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies. April 2006

The full story in
http://cns.miis.edu/research/wmdme/israel.htm

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