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Archive for December 7th, 2007

Kisah Intelektual Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd

Posted by musliminsuffer on December 7, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

From: “Budi Handrianto” <hrsystem@astra-agro.co.id>
Subject: pengkajian Al-Quran dengan pendekatan hermeneutika difatwa sesat oleh Mufti Mesir

 

Kisah Intelektual Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd

Syamsuddin Arif

Orientalisches Seminar, Universitas Frankfurt, Jerman

Beberapa waktu lalu, sebuah workshop bertemakan ”Kritik Wacana Agama” digelar di Jakarta. Penyelenggaranya, Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL) dan International Center for Islam and Pluralism (ICIP), menghadirkan Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd sebagai pembicara utama. Tulisan ini bermaksud mengkritisi sosok tokoh yang sedang tenar di Indonesia ini.

Nama Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd, intelektual asal Mesir yang ‘kabur’ ke Belanda dan kini mengajar di Universitas Leiden itu, pertama kali saya dengar dari Profesor Arif Nayed, seorang pakar hermeneutika yang pernah menjadi guru besar tamu di ISTAC, Malaysia, sekitar tujuh tahun yang lalu. Perkembangan kasusnya saya ikuti dari liputan media dan laporan jurnal.

Terus-terang saya tidak begitu tertarik oleh teori dan ide-idenya mengenai analisis wacana, kritik teks, apalagi hermeneutika. Sebabnya, saya melihat apa yang dia lontarkan kebanyakan — untuk tidak mengatakan seluruhnya — adalah gagasan-gagasan nyeleneh yang diimpor dari tradisi pemikiran dan pengalaman intelektual masyarakat Barat.

Promosi guru besar

Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd adalah orang Mesir asli, lahir di Tantra, 7 Oktober 1943. Pendidikan tinggi, dari S1 sampai S3, jurusan sastra Arab, diselesaikannya di Universitas Kairo, tempatnya mengabdi sebagai dosen sejak 1972. Namun ia pernah tinggal di Amerika selama dua tahun (1978-1980), saat memperoleh beasiswa untuk penelitian doktoralnya di Institute of Middle Eastern Studies, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Karena itu ia menguasai bahasa Inggris lisan maupun tulisan. Ia juga pernah menjadi dosen tamu di Universitas Osaka, Jepang. Di sana ia mengajar Bahasa Arab selama empat tahun (Maret 1985-Juli 1989).

Karya tulisnya yang telah diterbitkan antara lain: (1) Rasionalisme dalam Tafsir: Studi Konsep Metafor Menurut Mu’tazilah (al-Ittijah al-‘Aqliy fi-t Tafsir: Dirasah fi Mafhum al-Majaz ‘inda al-Mu’tazilah, Beirut 1982); (2) Filsafat Hermeneutika: Studi Hermeneutika al-Quran menurut Muhyiddin ibn ‘Arabi’ (Falsafat at-Ta’wil: Dirasah fi Ta’wil al-Qur’an ‘inda Muhyiddin ibn ‘Arabi, Beirut, 1983); (3) Konsep Teks: Studi Ulumul Quran (Mafhum an-Nashsh: Dirasah fi ‘Ulum al-Qur’an, Kairo, 1987); (4) Problematika Pembacaan dan Mekanisme Hermeneutik (Isykaliyyat al-Qira’ah wa Aliyyat at-Ta’wil, Kairo, 1992); (5) Kritik Wacana Agama (Naqd al-Khithab ad-Diniy, 1992); dan (6) Imam Syafi’i dan Peletakan Dasar Ideologi Tengah (al-Imam asy-Syafi’i wa Ta’sis Aidulujiyyat al-Wasathiyyah, Kairo, 1992). Kecuali nomor satu dan dua, yang berasal dari tesis master dan doktoralnya, tulisan-tulisan Abu Zayd telah memicu kontroversi dan berbuntut panjang.

Ceritanya bermula di bulan Mei 1992. Abu Zayd mengajukan promosi untuk menjadi guru besar di fakultas sastra Universitas Kairo. Beserta berkas yang diperlukan ia melampirkan semua karya tulisnya yang sudah diterbitkan. Enam bulan kemudian, 3 Desember 1992, keluar keputusannya: promosi ditolak. Abu Zayd tidak layak menjadi profesor, karya-karyanya dinilai kurang bermutu bahkan menyimpang dan merusak karena isinya melecehkan ajaran Islam, menghina Rasulullah SAW, meremehkan al-Quran, dan menghina para ulama salaf. Abu Zayd tidak bisa menerima dan protes. Beberapa bulan kemudian, pada Jumat, 2 April 1993, Profesor Abdushshabur Syahin, yang juga salah seorang anggota tim penilai, dalam khutbahnya di Mesjid ‘Amru bin ‘Ash, menyatakan Abu Zayd murtad. Pernyataan Ustadz Syahin diikuti oleh para khatib di masjid-masjid pada Jumat berikutnya. Mesir pun heboh.

Harian al-Liwa’ al-Islami dalam editorialnya 15 April 1993 mendesak pihak Universitas Kairo agar Abu Zayd segera dipecat karena dikhawatirkan akan meracuni para mahasiswa dengan pikiran-pikirannya yang sesat dan menyesatkan. Pada 10 Juni 1993 sejumlah pengacara, dipimpin oleh M Samida Abdushshamad, memperkarakan Abu Zayd ke pengadilan Giza. Pengadilan membatalkan tuntutan mereka pada 27 Januari 1994. Namun di tingkat banding tuntutan mereka dikabulkan. Pada 14 Juni 1995, dua minggu setelah Universitas Kairo mengeluarkan surat pengangkatannya sebagai profesor, keputusan Mahkamah al-Isti’naf Kairo menyatakan Abu Zayd telah keluar dari Islam alias murtad dan, karena itu, perkawinannya dibatalkan. Ia diharuskan bercerai dari istrinya (Dr Ebtehal Yunis), karena seorang yang murtad tidak boleh menikahi wanita muslimah. Abu Zayd mengajukan banding.

Ulama al-azhar

Sementara itu, Fron Ulama al-Azhar yang beranggotakan 2.000 orang, meminta pemerintah turun tangan: Abu Zayd mesti disuruh bertaubat atau — kalau yang bersangkutan tidak mau — ia harus dikenakan hukuman mati. Tidak lama kemudian, 23 Juli 1995, bersama istrinya, Abu Zayd terbang pergi ke Madrid, Spanyol, sebelum akhirnya menetap di Leiden, Belanda, sejak 2 Oktober 1995 sampai sekarang. Mahkamah Agung Mesir pada 5 Agustus 1996 mengeluarkan keputusan yang sama: Abu Zayd dinyatakan murtad dan perkawinannya dibatalkan. Dalam putusan tersebut, kesalahan-kesalahan Abu Zayd disimpulkan sebagai berikut:

Pertama, berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa perkara-perkara gaib yang disebut dalam al-Quran seperti ‘arasy, malaikat, setan, jin, surga, dan neraka adalah mitos belaka. Kedua, berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa al-Quran adalah produk budaya (muntaj tsaqafi), dan karenanya mengingkari status azali al-Quran sebagai Kalamullah yang telah ada dalam al-Lawh al-Mahfuz. Ketiga, berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa al-Quran adalah teks linguistik (nashsh lughawi). Ini sama dengan mengatakan bahwa Rasulullah SAW telah berdusta dalam menyampaikan wahyu dan al-Quran adalah karangan beliau.

Keempat, berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa ilmu-ilmu al-Quran adalah “tradisi reaksioner” serta berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa syariah adalah faktor penyebab kemunduran umat Islam. Kelima, berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa iman kepada perkara-perkara gaib merupakan indikator akal yang larut dalam mitos. Keenam, berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa Islam adalah agama Arab, dan karenanya mengingkari statusnya sebagai agama universal bagi seluruh umat manusia. Ketujuh, berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa teks al-Quran yang ada merupakan versi Quraisy dan itu sengaja demi mempertahankan supremasi suku Quraisy.

Kedelapan, mengingkari otentisitas Sunnah Rasulullah SAW. Kesembilan, mengingkari dan mengajak orang keluar dari otoritas “teks-teks agama”. Kesepuluh, berpendapat dan mengatakan bahwa patuh dan tunduk kepada teks-teks agama adalah salah satu bentuk perbudakan.

Reaksi pro dan kontra bermunculan, dari kalangan intelektual maupun aktivis HAM. Pelbagai media di Barat kontan mengecam keputusan tersebut seraya memihak dan membela Abu Zayd. Mereka menuduh Abu Zayd telah dizalimi dan ditindas, bahwa hak asasinya dirampas, bahwa kebebasan berpendapat dan berekspresi telah dipasung. The Middle East Studies Association of North America, misalnya, melalui Komite Kebebasan Akademis melayangkan surat keprihatinan kepada Presiden Mesir, Husni Mubarak. Namun keputusan tersebut sudah final, tidak dapat diganggu-gugat dan tidak dapat dicabut lagi.

Di Belanda Abu Zayd justru mendapat sambutan hangat dan diperlakukan istimewa. Rijksuniversiteit Leiden langsung merekrutnya sebagai dosen sejak kedatangannya (1995) sampai sekarang. Ia bahkan diberi kesempatan dan kehormatan untuk menduduki the Cleveringa Chair in Law Responsibility, Freedom of Religion and Conscience, kursi profesor prestisius di universitas itu. Tidak lama kemudian, Institute of Advanced Studies (Wissenschaftskolleg) Berlin mengangkatnya sebagai Bucerius/ZEIT Fellow untuk proyek Hermeneutika Yahudi dan Islam. Pihak Amerika tidak mau ketinggalan. Pada 8 Juni 2002, the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute menganugrahkan “the Freedom of Worship Medal” kepada Abu Zayd. Lembaga ini menyanjung Abu Zayd terutama karena pikiran-pikiranya yang dinilai ‘berani’ dan ‘bebas’ (courageous independence of thought) serta sikapnya yang apresiatif terhadap tradisi falsafah dan agama Kristen, modernisme dan humanisme Eropa.

Di Indonesia, Abu Zayd diundang dan disambut meriah. Gagasan-gagasannya diadopsi dan dipropagandakan secara besar-besaran, buku-bukunya diterjemahkan, lokakarya dan seminar digelar. Prof Dr M Amin Abdullah dari IAIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, dalam sebuah wawancara dengan JIL, mengaku cukup tertarik dengan karya-karya Abu Zayd seperti Naqd al-Khithab ad-Dini yang dinilainya cocok untuk dibahas (diajarkan?) di lingkungan IAIN atau PTAI (Perguruan Tinggi Agama Islam). Ia dan cendekiawan lainnya di Tanah Air tampaknya lupa atau sengaja menganggap sepi keputusan Mahkamah Agung Mesir, menganggap keputusan tersebut berlatarbelakang politik, dan karenanya tidak valid secara akademis. Padahal, keputusan hukum tersebut diambil berdasarkan fakta-fakta dan hasil kesimpulan penelitian tim dan saksi ahli yang pakar di bidangnya. Jadi keputusan tersebut sah dan mengikat (valid and binding) baik secara hukum maupun secara akademis. Lebih jauh dari itu, karena dicapai melalui prosedur ilmiah, musyawarah dan kesepakatan para ahli (ulama) di bidangnya, maka keputusan tersebut sesungguhnya merupakan ijma’, bukan lagi pendapat pribadi. Dan itu diperkuat dengan pernyataan sikap ulama yang tergabung dalam Jabhat Ulama al-Azhar.

Dalam otobiografinya yang baru diterbitkan, Voice of an Exile: Reflections on Islam (Westport, Connecticut/London: Praeger, 2004), Abu Zayd ‘blak-blakan’ mengungkapkan latar belakang dan sumber inspirasinya. Berikut ini cuplikannya.

Usai bermukim di AS

Abu Zayd mengakui pengalamannya belajar di Amerika ternyata membuahkan hasil. Di sanalah ia mengenal dan mempelajari filsafat dan hermeneutika. Baginya, hermeneutika adalah ilmu baru yang telah membuka matanya: “My academic experience in the [United] States turned out to be quite fruitful. I did a lot of reading on my own, especially in the fields of philosophy and hermeneutics. Hermeneutics, the science of interpreting texts, opened up a brand-new world for me” (hlm. 95).

Seperti anak kecil yang baru dapat pistol mainan, ia segera mencari sasaran tembak di sekitarnya. Kalau pisau hermeneutika bisa dipakai untuk membedah Bibel, mengapa tidak kita gunakan untuk mengupas al-Quran. Toh keduanya sama, sama-sama kitab suci. Demikian logika Abu Zayd.

Para sarjana Barat (Yahudi maupun Kristen) sejak lama telah menerapkan metode-metode kritis dalam mengkaji Bibel, seperti metode textual criticism, source criticism, form criticism, dan sebagainya. Sebagaimana Bibel, al-Quran juga dinilai sebagai produk budaya setempat yang tidak terlepas dari konteks masyarakat, sejarah, dan zaman di mana ia lahir dan berkembang. Di situ tentu ada campur-tangan manusia. Berkata Abu Zayd: “Classical Islamic thought believes the Qur’an existed before it was revealed. I argue that the Qur’an is a cultural product that takes its shape from a particular time in history. The historicity of the Qur’an implies that the text is human. Because the text is grounded in history, I can interpret and understand that text. We should not be afraid to apply all the tools at our disposal in order to get at the meaning of the text” (hlm. 99).

Dengan menganggap al-Quran sama dengan Bibel, Abu Zayd lantas menurunkan status al-Quran — bukna lagi Kalamullah. Baginya, al-Quran adalah sebuah teks, tidak lebih dari itu. Statusnya, menurut Abu Zayd, sama dengan buku-buku lainnya, yang dikarang oleh manusia, terbentuk dalam konteks budaya dan sejarah, dan sebagai wacana, tidak memiliki makna yang tetap dan baku: “The divine text became a human text at the moment it was revealed to Muhammad. How else could human beings understand it? Once it is in human form, a text becomes governed by the principles of mutability or change. The text becomes a book like any other. Religious texts are essentially linguistic texts. They belong to a specific culture and are produced within that historical setting. The Qur’an is a historical discourse-it has no fixed, intrinsic meaning” (hlm. 97). Pendapat-pendapatnya mengenai hermeneutika, tekstualitas, dan historisitas al-Quran ini diakuinya adalah ‘oleh-oleh’ hasil mukimnya di Amerika: “I owe much of my understanding of hermeneutics to opportunities offered me during my brief sojourn in the United States” (hlm. 101).

Orang macam Abu Zayd ini cukup banyak. Ia jatuh ke dalam lubang rasionalisme yang digalinya sendiri. Ia seperti istri Aladdin, menukar lampu lama dengan lampu baru yang dijajakan oleh si tukang sihir.

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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Ex-Italian President: Intel Agencies Know 9/11 An Inside Job

Posted by musliminsuffer on December 7, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Ex-Italian President: Intel Agencies Know 9/11 An Inside Job

Man who set up Operation Gladio tells Italy’s largest newspaper attacks were run by CIA, Mossad

Paul Joseph Watson

Prison Planet

Tuesday, December 4, 2007

Former Italian President and the man who revealed the existence of Operation Gladio Francesco Cossiga has gone public on 9/11, telling Italy’s most respected newspaper that the attacks were run by the CIA and Mossad and that this was common knowledge amongst global intelligence agencies.

Cossiga was elected President of the Italian Senate in July 1983 before winning a landslide 1985 election to become President of the country in 1985.

Cossiga gained respect from opposition parties as one of a rare breed – an honest politician – and led the country for seven years until April 1992.

Cossiga’s tendency to be outspoken upset the Italian political establishment and he was forced to resign after revealing the existence of, and his part in setting up, Operation Gladio – a rogue intelligence network under NATO auspices that carried out bombings across Europe in the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s.

Gladio’s specialty was to carry out what they coined “false flag operations,” terror attacks that were blamed on their domestic and geopolitical opposition.

Cossiga’s revelations contributed to an Italian parliamentary investigation of Gladio in 2000, during which evidence was unearthed that the attacks were being overseen by the U.S. intelligence apparatus.

In March 2001, Gladio agent Vincenzo Vinciguerra stated, in sworn testimony, “You had to attack civilians, the people, women, children, innocent people, unknown people far removed from any political game. The reason was quite simple: to force … the public to turn to the state to ask for greater security.”

Cossiga’s new revelations appeared last week in Italy’s oldest and most widely read newspaper, Corriere della Sera. Below appears a rough translation.

“[Bin Laden supposedly confessed] to the Qaeda September [attack] to the two towers in New York [claiming to be] the author of the attack of the 11, while all the [intelligence services] of America and Europe … now know well that the disastrous attack has been planned and realized from the CIA American and the Mossad with the aid of the Zionist world in order to put under accusation the Arabic Countries and in order to induce the western powers to take part … in Iraq [and] Afghanistan.”

Cossiga first expressed his doubts about 9/11 in 2001, and is quoted in Webster Tarpley’s book as stating that “The mastermind of the attack must have been a “sophisticated mind, provided with ample means not only to recruit fanatic kamikazes, but also highly specialized personnel. I add one thing: it could not be accomplished without infiltrations in the radar and flight security personnel.”

Coming from a widely respected former head of state, Cossiga’s assertion that the 9/11 attacks were an inside job and that this is common knowledge amongst global intelligence agencies is highly unlikely to be mentioned by any establishment media outlets, because like the hundreds of other sober ex-government, military, air force professionals, allied to hundreds more professors and intellectuals – he can’t be sidelined as a crackpot conspiracy theorist.

—————————————

Learn more about Operation Gladio and false flag terrorism by watching Alex Jones’ Terror Storm in high quality.

The full story in
http://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/december2007/120407_common_knowledge.htm

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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A CASE STUDY OF MEDIA-PROPAGATED ISLAMOPHOBIA

Posted by musliminsuffer on December 7, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

MACLEANS MAGAZINE: A CASE STUDY OF MEDIA-PROPAGATED ISLAMOPHOBIA

Prepared by:

Khurrum Awan, Muneeza Skeikh, Naseem Mithoowani

LLB (Osgoode Hall Law School – 2007)

Ali Ahmed

LLB Candidate (Osgoode Hall Law School – 2008)

Daniel Simard

LLB Candidate (Osgoode Hall Law School – 2009)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

STATEMENT OF CONCERNS: *

Promoting Islamophobia and Fear of Muslims *Representing Muslims as violent people who are incapable of living peacefully in their host societies *

Casting of suspicion on Muslims at large as potential terrorists, extremists, and radicals: *

Representing the presence and growth of Muslims in Western societies as a threat to traditional Western culture and the “Western” values of democracy, freedom, and human rights *

Attempting to import a racist discourse and language into mainstream discourse in Canadian society *

Attacking multiculturalism and religious freedoms *

Attacking laws that provide protection to identifiable communities from discriminatory journalism *

Condemning any and all efforts by Politicians, Law Enforcement, Media and other institutions to reach out to Muslim communities and to exercise sensitivity. *

Conclusion: *

APPENDIX *

The future belongs to Islam *Wake up, ostriches: Islam’s in an expansionary phase. In case you hadn’t noticed *

Wake up, Europe. It may already be too late — Why the fall and spring riot seasons in France are signs of the coming apocalypse *

What should I do, Imam? Novelist Robert Ferrigno imagines the Islamic Republic of America in the year 2040 *

Celebrate tolerance, or you’re dead – Oriana Fallaci appeals to Europe to save itself. Good luck *

The press darling who became ‘the Jew’ *

Why are teachers trashing Western values? *

Feeding the hand that bites them *

The little mosque that couldn’t – We’re so boundlessly tolerant we tolerate endless dreary shows about how intolerant we are *

The war on terror is the real women’s issue – Feminists whine about life in the West but they won’t fight the bigger battle *

The church dance that snowballed – A masterful new work on al-Qaeda and 9/11 explains how a loser cult has metastasized *

Q&A with terrorism expert David Harris – On how Canada is handling the issue of Islamic extremism *

A Twilight zone of insanity – Cartoons in a Danish newspaper depicting the prophet Muhammed have set off a clash of civilizations. Problem is, all blonds look alike in a jihad. *

Finally, someone who cares about Christians – Christendom might finally have a saviour in the Pope *

Far better to be at the zoo than this circus *

Racism is the core force behind the carnage in Darfur *

The Making of a Canadian Terrorist – From small-town boy to al-Qaeda assassin *

A ‘Canadian spy’ – Afghan authorities claim a Calgary man in a Kabul jail is part of a larger network backing the insurgency *

‘I begged to confess’ – William Sampson makes stunning revelations about his rape and torture by the Saudis *

The full story in
http://www.montrealmuslimnews.net/rom.html

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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Weekly Report: On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

Posted by musliminsuffer on December 7, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

PCHR
Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

http://www.pchrgaza.org

Weekly Report: On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

No. 48 /2007

29 Nov. – 05 Dec. 2007

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Escalate Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

  • 20 Palestinians, including one civilian, were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

  • 18 of the victims are members of the military wing of Hamas and were killed by missiles and tanks shells.

  • 22 Palestinians, including a woman, were wounded by IOF in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

  • IOF conducted 19 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 2 ones into the Gaza Strip.

  • IOF arrested 56 Palestinian civilians, including a child, in the West Bank and 3 others in the Gaza Strip.

  • IOF have continued to impose a total siege on the OPT.

  • IOF have isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world and a humanitarian crisis has emerged.

  • The number of patients who died due to the denial of their access to medical treatment increased to 13.

  • The Gaza Strip is suffering a serious shortage of fuels.

  • IOF troops positioned at checkpoints in the West Bank arrested 2 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children.

  • IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall in the West Bank.

  • 4 Palestinian civilians were wounded IOF used force to disperse a peaceful demonstration organized in protest to the construction of the Wall.

  • IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attacks Palestinian civilians and property.


Summary

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law continued in the OPT during the reporting period (29 November – 5 December 2007):

Shooting: During the reporting period, IOF killed 20 Palestinians, including one civilian, and wounded 222 others, including a woman, in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF killed 18 members of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the military wing of Hamas) and 17 others were wounded in 7 separate attacks throughout the Gaza Strip. A Palestinian civilian was also wounded and arrested by IOF that had moved into Wadi al-Salqa village in the central Gaza Strip on 3 December 2007.

In the West Bank, on 2 December 2007, IOF killed a Palestinian civilian near Ramallah, when they deliberately fired at him when he was having a picnic together with 2 of his relatives. On 5 December 2007, an IOF undercover unit shot dead a member of the Palestinian National Security Forces in Bethlehem. On 30 November 2007, 4 Palestinian civilians were wounded when IOF troops used force to disperse a peaceful demonstration organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Annexation Wall in Bal’ein village, west of Ramallah.

Incursions: During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 19 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During those incursions, IOF arrested 56 Palestinian civilians, including a child. Thus, the number of Palestinians arrested by IOF in the West Bank since the beginning of this year has mounted to 2,525. During the reporting period, IOF transformed 3 Palestinian houses into military sites.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 2 incursions into Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip, and Wadi al-Salqa in the central Gaza Strip. During those incursions, IOF wounded and arrested a Palestinian civilian, and arrested his two sons.

Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

IOF have continued to close all border crossings of the Gaza Strip for nearly 17 months. The total siege imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip has left disastrous impacts on the humanitarian situation and has violated the economic and social rights of the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the rights to appropriate living conditions, health and education. It has also paralyzed most economic sectors. Furthermore, severe restrictions have been imposed on the movement of the Palestinian civilian population. Moreover, the siege imposed on the Gaza Strip has severely impacted the flow of food, medical supplies and other necessities such as fuel, construction materials and raw materials for various economic sectors. IOF have further tightened the siege imposed on the Gaza Strip since Hamas’ takeover of the Gaza Strip, and the living and economic conditions of Palestinian civilians have further deteriorated. On 19 September 2007, the Israeli government declared the Gaza Strip as “a hostile entity” and accordingly measures of collective punishment against Gaza escalated. Since that time, IOF have limited the goods exported to the Gaza Strip to only 9 basic materials. As a consequence, local markets ran out of many goods, which caused a sharp increase in prices, which mounted to 500% for some goods. Israeli occupation forces have banned the flow of some medicines, furniture, electrical appliances and cigarettes into the Gaza Strip, and have decreased the amounts of some goods allowed into the Gaza Strip, such as fruits, milk and some dairy products. During the reporting period, IOF sharply decreased the amounts of fuels allowed entry into the Gaza Strip (for more details, see PCHR’s press release on 29 November 2007).

West Bank

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays to prevent them from praying at the al-Aqsa Mosque. IOF often violently beat Palestinian civilians who attempt to bypass checkpoints and enter the city. IOF have also tightened the siege imposed on Palestinian communities in the West Bank. IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF also erected more checkpoints on the main roads and intersections in the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF troops positioned at checkpoints and border crossings in the West Bank arrested at least 2 Palestinian civilians.

Settlement Activities: IOF have continued settlement activities and Israeli settlers living in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property. On 29 November 2007, at least 10 Israeli settlers from “Ma’oun” settlement, south of Hebron, closed the road that links Yatta town with Kherbat Touba areas with rocks and sand. IOF troops were present in the area, but did not intervene to prevent the settlers from closing the road.


Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (22 – 28 November 2007)

The full report is available online at:

html format:

http://www.pchrgaza.org/files/W_report/English/2007/06-12-2007.htm

pdf format:

http://www.pchrgaza.org/files/W_report/English/2007/pdf/Weekly%20Report%2048.pdf

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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Dichter cancels UK visit for fear of being arrested

Posted by musliminsuffer on December 7, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Dichter cancels UK visit for fear of being arrested

Former Shin Bet chief cancels trip to UK following British criminal lawsuit against top Israeli security officials involved in assassination of Hamas leader Sheikh Salah Shehadeh, which also left 14 Palestinian civilians dead

Roni Sofer

Published: 12.06.07, 10:51 / Israel News

Internal Security Minister Avi Dichter recently cancelled a planned visit to the UK for fear that an arrest warrant would be issued against him by local authorities over the July 2002 assassination of Hamas leader Sheikh Salah Shehadeh.

Dichter served as Shin Bet chief during the aerial attack on Shehadeh’s Gaza home, which also left 14 Palestinian civilians dead.

 

Acquittal

 

 
US court rejects lawsuit charging ex-Shin Bet chief of war crimes / News Agencies

 

 

Federal court throws out claim filed by US-based rights advocacy group blaming civilian deaths during targeted killing of Hamas chief in 2002 solely on Avi Dichter, now Israel’s Internal Security Minister

לכתבה המלאה

 

 

Haaretz has reported that Dichter was invited to speak before a British research institute at the beginning of January, but past cases in which arrest warrants were issued against senior IDF officials prompted the minister to consult with the Foreign Ministry, which suggested that he cancel the trip. According to British law, citizens may file complaints against “war criminals” and demand that the courts issue arrest warrants against them. Local Palestinian groups have repeatedly taken advantage of this clause.Following Shehadeh’s death, a criminal lawsuit was filed in Britain against Israeli security officials allegedly involved in the attack.

Just one of many

In September 2006, former IDF Southern Commander Major-General (res.) Doron Almog was forced to abandon plans to visit Britain at the last minute, after Muslim groups charged him with crimes against humanity for “his military role against the Palestinian people.” Israel’s ambassador in London, Tzvi Hefetz, spoke with Almog during the flight, advised him not to get off the plane, and said if he entered Britain he would be served with the claim.

Immediately upon landing in London, Almog returned to Israel.

Former IDF Chief of Staff Dan Halutz and ex-Gaza Division Commander Aviv Kochavi have refrained from visiting Britain for the same reason.A US federal court ruled in May 2007 that Dichter could not be indicted for his part in Shehadeh’s assassination.

The full story in
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3479583,00.html

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-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

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A funny list of dumb laws in the United States : Delaware & DC

Posted by musliminsuffer on December 7, 2007

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

A funny list of dumb laws in the United States

Delaware

• Delaware prohibits horse racing of any kind on Good Friday and Easter Sunday.
• In Delaware it is illegal to get married on a dare.
• In Delaware you may not sell dead people for money without a license.
• It is illegal to fly over any body of water, unless one is carrying sufficient supplies of food and drink.
• Lewes: It is illegal to wear pants that are “firm fitting” around the waist; Getting married on a dare is grounds for an annulment.

D.C.

• A D.C. federal judge has ruled that begging is a form of free speech protected by the Constitution. That means that mugging is free speech too, only more persuasive.
• In Washington D.C. it is illegal to post a notice in public which calls another person a ‘coward’ for refusing to accept a challenge to duel.
• It is unlawful for small boys to throw stones, at any time, at any place in the District of Columbia.
• The only acceptable sexual position in Washington D.C. is the missionary position. Any other sexual position is considered illegal.
• The U.S. government says it’s a crime to give false weather reports.

The full story in

http://www.bored.com/crazylaws/index.htm

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-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »