Muslim in Suffer

Bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem. Assalamu\’alaikum Warohmatullahi Wabarokatuh!

Archive for May 22nd, 2008

Menelusuri Jejak Liberalisme Islam di Indonesia

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Menelusuri Jejak Liberalisme Islam di Indonesia

Kamis, 7 Peb 08 06:06 WIB

Tak syak lagi kemajuan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi (Iptek) di Barat telah membuat sebagian kalangan umat Islam terkagum-kagum dan mengalami shock culture. Untuk mengapreasiasi kemajuan Barat itu, sejumlah tokoh Islam menganjurkan dan menyerukan adanya pembaharuan Islam dengan mencontoh Barat.

Pembaharuan pemikiran di dunia Islam dimulai ketika Khilafah ‘Utsmaniyah di Turki diambang kehancuran. Selanjutnya, Islam Turki di bawah komando Mustafa al-Tatruk didekontruksi sedemikian rupa seperti Barat. Setelah berhasil mendelegitimasi kewenangan khalifah dan Pengadilan Khusus Agama (Islam), al-Tatruk dengan penuh kepongahan merombak total tatanan prinsip-prinip Islam.

Tak hanya itu. Ia juga mengganti Hukum Syari’at tentang perkawinan Islam dengan diganti hukum Swiss, di mana perempuan punya hak cerai sama dengan laki-laki. Selanjutnya, sekolah-sekolah agama (madrasah) dan perguruan tinggi agama dibubarkan, dan diganti dengan sekolah ala Barat.

Yang lebih parah lagi adalah adzan bahasa Arab diganti dengan bahasa lokal (Turki), jilbab dilarang, dan penggunaan bahasa Arab pun diganti dengan bahasa Barat. Pendek kata, semua identitas, idiom-idiom keIslaman dan kearaban dihapuskan diganti dengan simbol, identitas dan tradisi Barat. Setelah itu semua, sempurnalah bekas khilafah ‘Utsmaniyah itu menjadi Republik Turki yang sekular. (Harun Nasution, Islam Rasional, , 1995)

Selain Turki, dunia Islam yang kecipratan dengan pembaharuan Islam adalah Mesir. Pembaharuan di negeri Kinanah ini mulai terjadi ketika utusan Perancis Napoleon Bonaparte dan sejumlah ilmuan yang ikut rombongannya datang ke negeri itu. Dari situ terjadilah kontak masyarakat Mesir dengan budaya Barat.

Seperti yang dialamiTurki, sebagian ulama Mesir mendukung program pembaharuan model Barat itu. Untuk kepentingan ini, maka diutuslah pelajar-pelajar Mesir untuk belajar di Paris dengan pengawasan imam. Adalah Rifa’ al-Thahthawi (1803-1873) dari imam-imam yang diutus untuk belajar ke sana. Sekembalinya dari pengembaraan dari negeri Barat, pemikiran al-Thahthawi cukup berpengaruh dalam masyarakat Mesir saat itu. Di antara pembaharuan yang digaungkan al-Thahthawi adalah penyesuaian penafsiran/interpretasi syari’at dengan kondisi zaman modern.

Setelah ia wafat, barulah Jamaluddin al-Afghani datang ke Mesir, dan menyuarakan hal yang serupa. Pembaharuan yang dibawa al-Afghani selanjutnya dilanjutkan oleh Muhammad ‘Abduh dan muridnya Rasyid Ridla.

Menurut Harun, pembaharuan yang digerakkan oleh mereka itu memakai pendekatan teologi atau pemikiran Mu’tazilah (rasionalisme). Dari sini pula muncul tokoh-tokoh sekular- liberal, sebut saja misalnya, Musthafa A. Raziq, Sa’ad Zaghlul, Ahmad Amin, Thaha Husein, ‘Ali Abdul Raziq, dan lain-lainnya yang senada.

Merambah ke Indonesia

Gaung dan gerakan pembaharuan di Mesir rupanya juga merambah ke Indonesia. Melalui KH. Ahmad Dahlan dengan Muhammadiyahnya, pembaharuan Islam dimulai. Gagasan pembaharuan Kyai Dahlan sendiri merupakan pengaruh dari tokoh-tokoh Mesir. Ketika pendiri Muhammadiyah itu melakukan perjalanan ke Mekah untuk belajar di sana, di tengah perjalanan ia membaca karya ‘Abduh dan Ridla, Tafsir al-Manar.

Sepulangnya dari menimba ilmu itu, rupanya Tafsir al-Manar telah menginspirasi KH. Ahmad Dahlan untuk melakukan pembaharuan Islam di Indonesia. Selain karena pengaruh Mesir, penetrasi misi Katholik-Protestan dari penjajah (Spanyol, Portugis, dan Belanda) dan parktik takhayul, khurafat serta bid’ah di masyarakat Indonesia telah membuat KH. Ahmad Dahlan prihatin sekaligus protes keras. Faktor-faktor inilah yang mendorong pembaharuan Islam oleh Kyai. Dahlan bersama Muhammadiyahnya.

Kendati begitu, dalam pandangan Harun, pembaharuan yang disuarakan Muhammadiyah bukanlah pembaharuan yang prinsipil dan menyangkut hal-hal dasar (ushul), tapi pada masalah cabang (furu’). Misalnya, soal ru’yah al-Hilal, patung, gambar, musik, kenduri, tahlilan, dan lain-lainnya. Pembaharuan demikian berbeda dengan yang terjadi di Mesir dan Turki.

Sebagai orang yang pernah belajar di Mesir dan di Barat, justru Harun sendirilah yang dikenal sebagai lokomotif liberalisme di Indonesia melalui lembaga pendidikan tinggi. Setelah pulang dari Mesir, ia kemudian bekerja di Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN), sekitar 1969. Ketika pemerintah, dalam hal ini Menteri Agama (Menag) A.Mukti ‘Ali menunjuk dia sebagai Rektor IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah, program liberalisasi pemikiran Islam segera ditabuh dan digulirkan. (Adian Husaini, Hegemoni Kristen-Barat dalam Studi Islam di Perguruan Tinggi, 2006)

Untuk merealisasikan liberalisme, Harun mempromosikan dan mensosialisasikan paham Mu’tazilah. IAIN Jakarta di bawah komandonya mewajibakan para mahasiswa membaca buku-buku karyanya, antara lain, Islam Ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspeknya, Teologi Islam, Filsafat Agama.

Belasan tahun kemudian, bukunya yang berjudul Islam Rasional juga menjadi bacaan dan referensi ”wajib” di kalangan dosen dan mahasiswa IAIN. Kewajiban memakai buku-buku karya Harun itu berlangsung sampai kini di semua jurusan atau program studi, kendati nama IAIN sudah menjadi Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN).

Maka di tangan Harun-lah UIN/IAIN/STAIN berhasil di-Mu’tazilah-kan. Tentunya keberhasilan Harun menggeser dan mengubah model pemikiran di lingkungan IAIN ketika itu tak lepas dari dukungan politik dari pemerintah Orde Baru.

Harun memang dikenal gigih dan serius berkiprah di pendidikan tinggi. Ia punya dedikasi tinggi untuk mengawal dan membesarkan IAIN sebagaimana yang ia harapkan seperti lahirnya para pemikir liberal sekular di Mesir.

Menurut mantan muridnya di program Pascasarjana IAIN, Dr. Ahmad Dardiri, Harun sangat perhatian dengan mahasiswanya dalam berbagai hal. “Bimbingan tesis ataupun disertasi betul-betul ia tangani dengan serius. Pak Harun betul-betul serius untuk berkiprah di dunia pendidikan. Ini berbeda dengan Cak Nur yang kadang kurang serius dengan bimbingan tesis atau disertasi mahasiswa. Waktunya tersita dengan kegiatan di luar IAIN, ” ujarnya.

Setelah berjalan selama hampir 40 tahun, usaha Harun menemukan hasilnya. Hampir seluruh UIN/ IAIN/ STAIN di seluruh Indonesia kini telah menjadi gerbong terbesar proyek liberalisasi pendidikan dan studi Islam. Bila di masa Harun, liberalisasi lebih ditekankan pada studi teologi/ilmu Kalam, maka saat ini fokusnya adalah pada studi Al-Qur’an.

Hal ini dianggap strategis karena studi Al-Qur’an merupakan mata kuliah umum wajib yang harus diambil seluruh mahasiswa. Tentunya juga, liberalisasi Islam akan mudah berjalan dan kena sasaran bila leberalisasi Studi Al-Qur’an diperkuat dan dikurikulumkan.

Proyek liberalisasi Studi Al-Qur’an ini semakin gencar dan serius dengan dimasukanya mata kuliah Hermeneutika dan Semiotika di Program Studi Tafsir Hadis Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat. Demikian pula mata kuliah Kajian Orientalis terhadap Al-Qur’an dan Hadits.

Referensi dan sumber dua mata kuliah ini adalah para pengibar liberalisme Studi Al-Qur’an, baik dari kalangan Muslim maupun Kristen. Misalnya, Muhammad Arkoun, Norman Calder, Farid Essack, Hans G. Gadamer, dan lain-lain. Tujuan pengajaran mata kuliah Hermeneutika dan Semiotika adalah “Mahasiswa dapat menjelaskan dan menerapkan ilmu Hermeneutika dan Semiotika terhadap kajian al-Qur’an dan Hadis.” Sedangkan untuk Kajian Orientalis bertujuan, ” Mahasiswa dapat menjelaskan dan menerapkan kajian orientalis terhadap al-Qur’an dan Hadits.”

Atas pengajaran mata kuliah Hermeneutika ini, entah karena tak paham tentang bahaya penerapan hermeneutika dalam studi Al-Qur’an atau karena alasan lain, seorang dosen ilmu Hadis di Prodi Tafsir Hadis UIN Jakarta juga mengaku tak ada persoalan dengan hal itu. “Tidak apa-apa. Itu bagus-bagus saja, ” katanya.

Pengajaran Studi Al-Qur’an dengan metode Barat itu, kini telah melahirkan banyak mahasiswa/i dan sarjana UIN/IAIN/STAIN yang meragukan, menghujat, bahkan melecehkan Al-Qur’an. Laporan majalah pekanan GATRA edisi 7 Juni 2006, menyebutkan, seorang dosen IAIN Surabaya di depan para mahasiswanya membuat adegan menginjak-injak lafaz Allah dengan kakinya tanpa merasa berdosa. Ini adalah sebuah tindakan yang tak beradab dan tak terpuji. Padahal dia adalah pengampu mata kuliah Sejarah Peradaban Islam.

Kisah yang mirip dan serupa juga terjadi di UIN/IAIN/STAIN lainnya. Misalnya, dosen pembimbing tesis atau disertasi di UIN Jakarta sering mengolok-olok ketika ada mahasiswa/i dalam tesis/disertasinya mengutip ayat Al-Qur’an ataupun Hadis Nabi Saw. Inilah ironi Studi Al-Qur’an di perguruan tinggi (Islam) kita.

Kasus liberalisasi Studi Al-Qur’an di Indonesia memang sangat ironis dan memprihatinkan. Sebab, proyek ini tidak hanya dilakukan oleh sejumlah akademisi, tapi juga oleh beberapa aktivis, lembaga swadaya masyarakat (LSM), para petinggi ormas Islam, pengasuh pondok pesantren, lembaga penelitian, dan sebagainya. Mereka begitu ”gigih dan getol” mengkampanyekan liberalisme, selain ingin lepas dan bebas dari Syari’at Islam, juga karena mendapat kucuran dana berlimpah dari The Asian Foundation. Dengan dukungan dana yang relatif besar, untuk mempromosikan agendanya mereka menjalin kerjasama dengan beberapa media massa.

Kasus yang teranyar adalah tindakan tidak fair enam guru besar yang meluluskan disertasi Abd. Moqsith Ghazali. Padahal dalam disertasi ini banyak penafsiran al-Qur’an yang mengabaikan dan memisahkan antara keimanan kepada Allah Swt dengan keimanan terhadap nabi Muhammad Saw.

Dalam disertasi aktivis Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL) ini, disebutkan, ”secara eksplisit Al-Quran menegaskan bahwa siapa saja – Yahudi, Nashrani, Sabi’in, dan lain-lain – yang menyatakan hanya beriman kepada Allah, percaya akan Hari Akhir, dan melakukan amal saleh, tak akan pernah disia-siakan oleh Allah. Mereka akan mendapatkan balasan yang setimpal atas keimanan dan segala jerih payahnya.” (hal. 192). Jadi tanpa beriman kepada Rasulullah Muhammad, amal seorang Yahudi, Kristen dan Sabi’in sama kedudukannya dengan amal orang Muslim.

Yang lebih parah lagi adalah ketika penulis membahas tentang ”Pengakuan dan Keselamatan Umat non-Muslim”. Ia menyatakan, ”Agama yang satu tak membatalkan agama yang lain, karena setiap agama lahir dalam konteks historis dan tantangannya sendiri. Walau begitu, semua agama terutama yang berada dalam rumpun tradisi abrahamik mengarah pada tujuan yang sama, yakni kemaslahatan dunia dan kemaslahatan akhirat. Dengan memperhatikan kesamaan tujuan ini, perbedaan eksoterik agama-agama mestinya tak perlu dirisaukan.” (hal. 189).

Disertasi berjudul, Perspektif Al-Quran tentang Pluralitas Umat Beragama dibimbing oleh Prof. Dr. Nasaruddin Umar, M.A (Dirjen Bimas Islam dan guru besar ilmu tafsir di UIN Jakarta) dan Prof. Dr. Komaruddin Hidayat (Rektor UIN Jakarta). Bertindak sebagai penguji adalah Prof. Dr. Azyumardi Azra (Ketua Sidang dan juga Direktur Pasca Sarjana UIN Jakarta), Prof. Dr. Komaruddin Hidayat, Prof. Dr. Nasaruddin Umar, Prof. Dr. Kautsar Azhari Noer, Prof. Dr. Suwito, Prof. Dr. Mulyadhi Kartanegara, Prof. Dr. Zainun Kamal dan Prof. Dr. Salman Harun.

Dari tujuh guru besar, hanya satu guru besar yang tidak meluluskan disertasi yang kontroversial ini, yakni Prof. Dr. Salman Harun. Bahkan mantan dekan Fakultas Tarbiyah UIN Jakarta itu membuat kritik tertulis. Konon baru kali ini di UIN Jakarta ada penguji yang sampai membuat kritik tertulis ketika menguji.

Salman menilai Abd.Moqsith salah memahami penggalan buku Nawawi Al-Jawi (1813-1899) tentang bisa tidaknya non-muslim masuk surga. Moqsith dinilai tak utuh mengutip Ibnu Katsir (1300-1373).

Ia menambahkan, dua ulama itu berkesimpulan hanya Muslim yang masuk surga. Tapi Moqsith menyimpulkan, non muslim juga bisa. Salman khawatir disertasi ini akan memperkuat tuduhan sebagian kalangan bahwa UIN adalah tempat kristenisasi.

Orientalis modern William Montogomerry Watt, menjelaskan, mereka yang disebut liberal adalah orang-orang Islam yang banyak memahami Islam dengan sudut pandang Barat dan melakukan kritik-kritik terhadap Islam baik secara implicit atau eksplisit, tapi mereka masih mengaku sebagai Muslim (William Montogomerry Watt, Fundamentalisme dan Modernity in Islam). (dina)

sumber : http://eramuslim.com/berita/lpk/8207055743-menelusuri-jejak-liberalisme-islam-indonesia.htm

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

Keotentikan Al-Quran

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Keotentikan Al-Quran

Al-Quran Al-Karim memperkenalkan dirinya dengan berbagai ciri dan sifat. Salah satu di antaranya adalah bahwa ia merupakan kitab yang keotentikannya dijamin oleh Allah, dan ia adalah kitab yang selalu dipelihara. Inna nahnu nazzalna al-dzikra wa inna lahu lahafizhun (Sesungguhnya Kami yang menurunkan Al-Quran dan Kamilah Pemelihara-pemelihara-Nya) (QS 15:9).

Demikianlah Allah menjamin keotentikan Al-Quran, jaminan yang diberikan atas dasar Kemahakuasaan dan Kemahatahuan-Nya, serta berkat upaya-upaya yang dilakukan oleh makhluk-makhluk-Nya, terutama oleh manusia. Dengan jaminan ayat di atas, setiap Muslim percaya bahwa apa yang dibaca dan didengarnya sebagai Al-Quran tidak berbeda sedikit pun dengan apa yang pernah dibaca oleh Rasulullah saw., dan yang didengar serta dibaca oleh para sahabat Nabi saw.

Tetapi, dapatkah kepercayaan itu didukung oleh bukti-bukti lain? Dan, dapatkah bukti-bukti itu meyakinkan manusia, termasuk mereka yang tidak percaya akan jaminan Allah di atas? Tanpa ragu kita mengiyakan pertanyaan di atas, karena seperti yang ditulis oleh almarhum ‘Abdul-Halim Mahmud, mantan Syaikh Al-Azhar: “Para orientalis yang dari saat ke saat berusaha menunjukkan kelemahan Al-Quran, tidak mendapatkan celah untuk meragukan keotentikannya.”1 Hal ini disebabkan oleh bukti-bukti kesejarahan yang mengantarkan mereka kepada kesimpulan tersebut.

Bukti-bukti dari Al-Quran Sendiri

Sebelum menguraikan bukti-bukti kesejarahan, ada baiknya saya kutipkan pendapat seorang ulama besar Syi’ah kontemporer, Muhammad Husain Al-Thabathaba’iy, yang menyatakan bahwa sejarah Al-Quran demikian jelas dan terbuka, sejak turunnya sampai masa kini. Ia dibaca oleh kaum Muslim sejak dahulu sampai sekarang, sehingga pada hakikatnya Al-Quran tidak membutuhkan sejarah untuk membuktikan keotentikannya. Kitab Suci tersebut lanjut Thabathaba’iy memperkenalkan dirinya sebagai Firman-firman Allah dan membuktikan hal tersebut dengan menantang siapa pun untuk menyusun seperti keadaannya. Ini sudah cukup menjadi bukti, walaupun tanpa bukti-bukti kesejarahan. Salah satu bukti bahwa Al-Quran yang berada di tangan kita sekarang adalah Al-Quran yang turun kepada Nabi saw. tanpa pergantian atau perubahan –tulis Thabathaba’iy lebih jauh– adalah berkaitan dengan sifat dan ciri-ciri yang diperkenalkannya menyangkut dirinya, yang tetap dapat ditemui sebagaimana keadaannya dahulu.2

Dr. Mustafa Mahmud, mengutip pendapat Rasyad Khalifah, juga mengemukakan bahwa dalam Al-Quran sendiri terdapat bukti-bukti sekaligus jaminan akan keotentikannya.3

Huruf-huruf hija’iyah yang terdapat pada awal beberapa surah dalam Al-Quran adalah jaminan keutuhan Al-Quran sebagaimana diterima oleh Rasulullah saw. Tidak berlebih dan atau berkurang satu huruf pun dari kata-kata yang digunakan oleh Al-Quran. Kesemuanya habis terbagi 19, sesuai dengan jumlah huruf-huruf B(i)sm Ali(a)h Al-R(a)hm(a)n Al-R(a)him. (Huruf a dan i dalam kurung tidak tertulis dalam aksara bahasa Arab).

Huruf (qaf) yang merupakan awal dari surah ke-50, ditemukan terulang sebanyak 57 kali atau 3 X 19.

Huruf-huruf kaf, ha’, ya’, ‘ayn, shad, dalam surah Maryam, ditemukan sebanyak 798 kali atau 42 X 19.

Huruf (nun) yang memulai surah Al-Qalam, ditemukan sebanyak 133 atau 7 X 19. Kedua, huruf (ya’) dan (sin) pada surah Yasin masing-masing ditemukan sebanyak 285 atau 15 X 19. Kedua huruf (tha’) dan (ha’) pada surah Thaha masing-masing berulang sebanyak 342 kali, sama dengan 19 X 18.

Huruf-huruf (ha’) dan (mim) yang terdapat pada keseluruhan surah yang dimulai dengan kedua huruf ini, ha’ mim, kesemuanya merupakan perkalian dari 114 X 19, yakni masing-masing berjumlah 2.166.

Bilangan-bilangan ini, yang dapat ditemukan langsung dari celah ayat Al-Quran, oleh Rasyad Khalifah, dijadikan sebagai bukti keotentikan Al-Quran. Karena, seandainya ada ayat yang berkurang atau berlebih atau ditukar kata dan kalimatnya dengan kata atau kalimat yang lain, maka tentu perkalian-perkalian tersebut akan menjadi kacau.

Angka 19 di atas, yang merupakan perkalian dari jumlah-jumlah yang disebut itu, diambil dari pernyataan Al-Quran sendiri, yakni yang termuat dalam surah Al-Muddatstsir ayat 30 yang turun dalam konteks ancaman terhadap seorang yang meragukan kebenaran Al-Quran.

Demikianlah sebagian bukti keotentikan yang terdapat di celah-celah Kitab Suci tersebut.

Bukti-bukti Kesejarahan

Al-Quran Al-Karim turun dalam masa sekitar 22 tahun atau tepatnya, menurut sementara ulama, dua puluh dua tahun, dua bulan dan dua puluh dua hari.

Ada beberapa faktor yang terlebih dahulu harus dikemukakan dalam rangka pembicaraan kita ini, yang merupakan faktor-faktor pendukung bagi pembuktian otentisitas Al-Quran.

(1) Masyarakat Arab, yang hidup pada masa turunnya Al-Quran, adalah masyarakat yang tidak mengenal baca tulis. Karena itu, satu-satunya andalan mereka adalah hafalan. Dalam hal hafalan, orang Arab –bahkan sampai kini– dikenal sangat kuat.

(2) Masyarakat Arab –khususnya pada masa turunnya Al-Quran– dikenal sebagai masyarakat sederhana dan bersahaja: Kesederhanaan ini, menjadikan mereka memiliki waktu luang yang cukup, disamping menambah ketajaman pikiran dan hafalan.

(3) Masyarakat Arab sangat gandrung lagi membanggakan kesusastraan; mereka bahkan melakukan perlombaan-perlombaan dalam bidang ini pada waktu-waktu tertentu.

(4) Al-Quran mencapai tingkat tertinggi dari segi keindahan bahasanya dan sangat mengagumkan bukan saja bagi orang-orang mukmin, tetapi juga orang kafir. Berbagai riwayat menyatakan bahwa tokoh-tokoh kaum musyrik seringkali secara sembunyi-sembunyi berupaya mendengarkan ayat-ayat Al-Quran yang dibaca oleh kaum Muslim. Kaum Muslim, disamping mengagumi keindahan bahasa Al-Quran, juga mengagumi kandungannya, serta meyakini bahwa ayat-ayat Al-Quran adalah petunjuk kebahagiaan dunia dan akhirat.

(5) Al-Quran, demikian pula Rasul saw., menganjurkan kepada kaum Muslim untuk memperbanyak membaca dan mempelajari Al-Quran dan anjuran tersebut mendapat sambutan yang hangat.

(6) Ayat-ayat Al-Quran turun berdialog dengan mereka, mengomentari keadaan dan peristiwa-peristiwa yang mereka alami, bahkan menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan mereka. Disamping itu, ayat-ayat Al-Quran turun sedikit demi sedikit. Hal itu lebih mempermudah pencernaan maknanya dan proses penghafalannya.

(7) Dalam Al-Quran, demikian pula hadis-hadis Nabi, ditemukan petunjuk-petunjuk yang mendorong para sahabatnya untuk selalu bersikap teliti dan hati-hati dalam menyampaikan berita –lebih-lebih kalau berita tersebut merupakan Firman-firman Allah atau sabda Rasul-Nya.

Faktor-faktor di atas menjadi penunjang terpelihara dan dihafalkannya ayat-ayat Al-Quran. Itulah sebabnya, banyak riwayat sejarah yang menginformasikan bahwa terdapat ratusan sahabat Nabi saw. yang menghafalkan Al-Quran. Bahkan dalam peperangan Yamamah, yang terjadi beberapa saat setelah wafatnya Rasul saw., telah gugur tidak kurang dari tujuh puluh orang penghafal Al-Quran.4

Walaupun Nabi saw. dan para sahabat menghafal ayat-ayat Al-Quran, namun guna menjamin terpeliharanya wahyu-wahyu Ilahi itu, beliau tidak hanya mengandalkan hafalan, tetapi juga tulisan. Sejarah menginformasikan bahwa setiap ada ayat yang turun, Nabi saw. lalu memanggil sahabat-sahabat yang dikenal pandai menulis, untuk menuliskan ayat-ayat yang baru saja diterimanya, sambil menyampaikan tempat dan urutan setiap ayat dalam surahnya. Ayat-ayat tersebut mereka tulis dalam pelepah kurma, batu, kulit-kulit atau tulang-tulang binatang. Sebagian sahabat ada juga yang menuliskan ayat-ayat tersebut secara pribadi, namun karena keterbatasan alat tulis dan kemampuan maka tidak banyak yang melakukannya disamping kemungkinan besar tidak mencakup seluruh ayat Al-Quran. Kepingan naskah tulisan yang diperintahkan oleh Rasul itu, baru dihimpun dalam bentuk “kitab” pada masa pemerintahan Khalifah Abu Bakar r.a.5

Penulisan Mushhaf

Dalam uraian sebelumnya dikemukakan bahwa ketika terjadi peperangan Yamamah, terdapat puluhan penghafal Al-Quran yang gugur. Hal ini menjadikan ‘Umar ibn Al-Khaththab menjadi risau tentang “masa depan Al-Quran”. Karena itu, beliau mengusulkan kepada Khalifah Abu Bakar agar mengumpulkan tulisan-tulisan yang pernah ditulis pada masa Rasul. Walaupun pada mulanya Abu Bakar ragu menerima usul tersebut –dengan alasan bahwa pengumpulan semacam itu tidak dilakukan oleh Rasul saw.– namun pada akhirnya ‘Umar r.a. dapat meyakinkannya. Dan keduanya sepakat membentuk suatu tim yang diketuai oleh Zaid ibn Tsabit dalam rangka melaksanakan tugas suci dan besar itu.

Zaid pun pada mulanya merasa sangat berat untuk menerima tugas tersebut, tetapi akhirnya ia dapat diyakinkan –apalagi beliau termasuk salah seorang yang ditugaskan oleh Rasul pada masa hidup beliau untuk menuliskan wahyu Al-Quran. Dengan dibantu oleh beberapa orang sahabat Nabi, Zaid pun memulai tugasnya. Abu Bakar r.a. memerintahkan kepada seluruh kaum Muslim untuk membawa naskah tulisan ayat Al-Quran yang mereka miliki ke Masjid Nabawi untuk kemudian diteliti oleh Zaid dan timnya. Dalam hal ini, Abu Bakar r.a. memberi petunjuk agar tim tersebut tidak menerima satu naskah kecuali yang memenuhi dua syarat:

Pertama, harus sesuai dengan hafalan para sahabat lain.

Kedua, tulisan tersebut benar-benar adalah yang ditulis atas perintah dan di hadapan Nabi saw. Karena, seperti yang dikemukakan di atas, sebagian sahabat ada yang menulis atas inisiatif sendiri.

Untuk membuktikan syarat kedua tersebut, diharuskan adanya dua orang saksi mata.

Sejarah mencatat bahwa Zaid ketika itu menemukan kesulitan karena beliau dan sekian banyak sahabat menghafal ayat Laqad ja’akum Rasul min anfusikum ‘aziz ‘alayh ma ‘anittun harish ‘alaykum bi almu’minina Ra’uf al-rahim (QS 9:128). Tetapi, naskah yang ditulis di hadapan Nabi saw. tidak ditemukan. Syukurlah pada akhirnya naskah tersebut ditemukan juga di tangan seorang sahabat yang bernama Abi Khuzaimah Al-Anshari. Demikianlah, terlihat betapa Zaid menggabungkan antara hafalan sekian banyak sahabat dan naskah yang ditulis di hadapan Nabi saw., dalam rangka memelihara keotentikan Al-Quran. Dengan demikian, dapat dibuktikan dari tata kerja dan data-data sejarah bahwa Al-Quran yang kita baca sekarang ini adalah otentik dan tidak berbeda sedikit pun dengan apa yang diterima dan dibaca oleh Rasulullah saw., lima belas abad yang lalu.

Sebelum mengakhiri tulisan ini, perlu dikemukakan bahwa Rasyad Khalifah, yang menemukan rahasia angka 19 yang dikemukakan di atas, mendapat kesulitan ketika menemukan bahwa masing-masing kata yang menghimpun Bismillahirrahmanirrahim, kesemuanya habis terbagi 19, kecuali Al-Rahim. Kata Ism terulang sebanyak 19 kali, Allah sebanyak 2.698 kali, sama dengan 142 X 19, sedangkan kata Al-Rahman sebanyak 57 kali atau sama dengan 3 X 19, dan Al-Rahim sebanyak 115 kali. Di sini, ia menemukan kejanggalan, yang konon mengantarnya mencurigai adanya satu ayat yang menggunakan kata rahim, yang pada hakikatnya bukan ayat Al-Quran. Ketika itu, pandangannya tertuju kepada surah Al-Tawbah ayat 128, yang pada mulanya tidak ditemukan oleh Zaid. Karena, sebagaimana terbaca di atas, ayat tersebut diakhiri dengan kata rahim.

Sebenarnya, kejanggalan yang ditemukannya akan sirna, seandainya ia menyadari bahwa kata rahim pada ayat Al-Tawbah di atas, bukannya menunjuk kepada sifat Tuhan, tetapi sifat Nabi Muhammad saw. Sehingga ide yang ditemukannya dapat saja benar tanpa meragukan satu ayat dalam Al-Quran, bila dinyatakan bahwa kata rahim dalam Al-Quran yang menunjuk sifat Allah jumlahnya 114 dan merupakan perkalian dari 6 X 19.

Penutup

Demikianlah sekelumit pembicaraan dan bukti-bukti yang dikemukakan para ulama dan pakar, menyangkut keotentikan ayat-ayat Al-Quran. Terlihat bagaimana Allah menjamin terpeliharanya Kitab Suci ini, antara lain berkat upaya kaum beriman.

Catatan kaki

1 ‘Abdul Halim Mahmud, Al-Tafkir Al-Falsafiy fi Al-Islam, Dar Al-Kitab Al-Lubnaniy, Beirut, t.t., h. 50.

2 Muhammad Husain Al-Thabathabaly, Al-Qur’an fi Al-Islam, Markaz I’lam Al-Dzikra Al-Khamisah li Intizhar Al-Tsawrah Al-Islamiyah, Teheran, h. 175.

3 Mustafa Mahmud, Min Asrar Al-Qur’an, Dar Al-Ma’arif, Mesir, 1981, h. 64-65.

4 ‘Abdul Azhim Al-Zarqaniy, Manahil Al-‘Irfan i ‘Ulum Al-Qur’an, Al-Halabiy, Kairo, 1980, jilid 1, h. 250.

5 Ibid., h. 252.

sumber : http://www.adanipermana.co.cc/Articles/artikel/ilmu_alquran/keotentikan_alquran.html

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

Produser Film Memperhatikan Etika, LSF Tidak Akan Lakukan Sensor

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Produser Film Memperhatikan Etika, LSF Tidak Akan Lakukan Sensor

Selasa, 20 Mei 08 13:12 WIB

Lembaga Sensor Film (LSF) sebenarnya tidak ingin melakukan sensor pada setiap produksi film yang diserahkan kepadanya, apabila produser pembuat film tidak melanggar kaidah dan norma yang ada. Karena itu, LSF berupaya mendorong kreatifitas film di tanah air, dengan memperhatikan etika moral yang berlaku di tengah masyarakat.

“Tentu kewajiban LSF memotong dan menyensor apabila ada hal yang dinilai bertentang dengan aturan, karena itu produsen film harus mengetahui rambu-rambu mana yang boleh dan mana tidak boleh dimasukan dalam film tersebut, bila tidak disensor tentu akan menimbulkan gejolak di tengah masyarakat, ” jelas Ketua LSF Titi Said kepada pers, di Jakarta, Senin (19/5).

Ia mencontohkan, film ML (Mau Lagi) yang saat ini sedang ramai ditolak penayangan oleh masyarakat, karena dinilai terlalu seronok, meski film tersebut masih dalam proses sensor oleh LSF.

“”Film tersebut hingga saat ini telah dipotong sekitar 50 persen termasuk merekomendasi penggantian judul, dan kami terus mengadakan konsultasi dengan pemilik film, tentang keadaan film dan pihak produsen sangat akomodatif dan menerima pemotongan tersebut, ” ujarnya.

Produsen Film Shanker mempertanyakanm kenapa film yang belum diedarkan, masih berada dalam tahap sensor sudah divonis meresahkan masyarakat.

“Masyarakat telah melihat di internet dan film itu dianggap terlalu vulgar serta seronok, padahal belum disensor. Karena itu apa yang ada di internet belum tentu ada di film yang sudah dipotong oleh LSF, ” ungkapnya. (novel/bip)

sumber : http://eramuslim.com/berita/nas/8519175516-produser-film-memperhatikan-etika-lsf-tidak-akan-lakukan-sensor.htm

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

Congratulations, America … Children are Being Tortured in Your Name

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Congratulations, America … Children are Being Tortured in Your Name

Wednesday, May 21, 2008

Over the last 24 hours, news about U.S. torture has been leaking out:

The U.S. has also tortured prisoners to death in Guantanamo, Afghanistan, Iraq and elsewhere.

Not bad enough for you?

Well, the U.S. has imprisoned 2,500 children since 9/11 as “enemy combatants”, in violation of the Geneva Convention against classifying children as POWs.

Still not disgusted?

Okay . . . Pulitzer-prize winning reporter Seymour Hersh says that the U.S. Government has videotapes of boys being raped at Abu Ghraib prison (see also this and this).

This doesn’t come as a complete surprise, given that assistant deputy Attorney General John Yoo has publicly argued that the president can order the torture of a child of a suspect in custody – including by crushing that child’s testicles.

Congratulations, America. This is being done in your name.

If you’re not sick to your stomach by learning that your government has been killing and torturing people – including children – then you are a psychopath or a pervert.

Don’t try to tell me that torture is a necessary evil. It is well-known by professional interrogators that torture doesn’t work. Experts on interrogation say that torture actually interferes with the ability to gather useful information.

source: http://georgewashington2.blogspot.com/2008/05/they-torture-children-dont-they.html

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

9/11 : Former Detainee Describes ‘Water Treatment’

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

9/11 : Former Detainee Describes ‘Water Treatment’

Testimony to Congress Comes as Report Released About Abuses Witnessed by FBI

By JASON RYAN

May 20, 2008

Murat Kurnaz told members of Congress today he was subjected to “water treatment,” electric shocks and other abuse during the almost five years he spent in U.S. custody, putting a face to the Justice Department’s inspector general report released today, detailing abuses witnessed by FBI agents overseas at detention facilities run by the military and CIA.

Murat Kurnaz

Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee, D-Texas, pictured at the top right of the video screen asks a question to… Expand

(Haraz N. Ghanbari/AP Photo)

Kurnaz, a Turkish citizen, was arrested in Pakistan in late 2001 after the 9/11 attacks while he traveled with a religious tourism group, and was eventually handed over to U.S. forces. He was held in U.S. facilities in Afghanistan and then at Guantanamo Bay.

Speaking to the House Foreign Affairs Committee via video link from Germany with his lawyer at his side, Kurnaz described how he was abused while he was held at a U.S. base in Kandahar, Afghanistan, and described how he was subjected to “water treatment” while in custody.

“They stuck my head into a bucket of water and punched me in the stomach,” he said. “I inhaled the water. … It was a strong punch.”

Kurnaz testified that, although he had no links to al Qaeda, and German intelligence services told U.S. officials in 2002 that he was not a terrorist, he languished at Guantanamo until August 2006.

While he was detained in Kandahar, Kurnaz testified, he was chained by his arms to the ceiling with his feet dangling and subjected to electric shocks. Kurnaz also alleges U.S. interrogators tried to force him to sign papers admitting his guilt.

Kurnaz, 26, who was born in Germany, also alleged the abuse continued at Guantanamo Bay.

“I didn’t think this could happen in the 21st century. … I could never have imagined that this place was created by the United States,” he said.

While the CIA has admitted to waterboarding three al Qaeda detainees, the Justice Department inspector general’s report, released today, details other instances of detainees having water forced down their throats.

The report noted an instance from a 2004 interrogation of a detainee in Iraq.

“[An FBI Agent] recalled that, at some point during the interrogation, the military officer ‘put water down’ a seated detainee’s throat,” the report said. “He said he guessed that the purpose of the water was to give the detainee the sensation that he was drowning, so that he would provide the information that the interrogator wanted. [The agent] stated that the detainee was gagging and spitting out water. He said that the detainee appeared to be uncomfortable, and assumed that he had trouble breathing.”

source: http://www.abcnews.go.com/TheLaw/LawPolitics/story?id=4896217&page=1

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

FBI staff silenced over torture

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

FBI staff silenced over torture

Eric Lichtblau and Scott Shane in Washington

May 22, 2008

AS EVIDENCE of prisoner mistreatment at Guantanamo Bay began to mount in 2002, FBI agents at the base created a “war crimes file” to document accusations against American military personnel, but were eventually ordered to close the file down, a Justice Department report has disclosed.

The report, a 437-page review prepared by the Justice Department inspector-general, provides the fullest account to date of internal dissent and confusion within the Bush Administration over the use of harsh interrogation tactics by the military and the Central Intelligence Agency.

In one of several previously undisclosed episodes, the report found that US military interrogators appeared to have collaborated with visiting Chinese officials at Guantanamo Bay to disrupt the sleep of Chinese Muslims held there, waking them every 15 minutes the night before their interviews by the Chinese. In another incident, a female interrogator reportedly bent back an inmate’s thumbs and squeezed his genitals as he grimaced in pain.

The report describes what one official called “trench warfare” between the FBI and the military over methods used on prisoners.

The report says that officials at senior levels at the FBI, the Justice Department, the Defence Department and the National Security Council were all made aware of the complaints of FBI agents, but little was done.

The report quotes passionate objections from FBI officials, who grew increasingly concerned about practices like intimidating inmates with snarling dogs, parading them in the nude before female soldiers, or “short-shackling” them to the floor for hours in extreme heat or cold.

Such tactics, said one FBI agent in an email to supervisors in November 2002, might violate US law banning torture.

“Beyond any doubt, what they are doing (and I don’t know the extent of it) would be unlawful were these enemy prisoners of war,” Spike Bowman, head of the FBI’s national security law unit, wrote in July 2003.

In 2003 an FBI official ordered the “war crimes file” closed, because “investigating detainee allegations of abuse was not the FBI’s mission”.

FBI officials, including Pasquale D’Amuro, then the bureau’s top counterterrorism officer, believed the physical pressure being used by the CIA was less effective than non-coercive methods, and “was wrong and helped al-Qaeda in spreading negative views of the United States”, the report says.

The inspector-general, Glenn Fine, found that in a few instances, FBI agents participated in interrogations using tactics that would not have been permitted in the US. But the “vast majority” of agents followed FBI legal guidelines and “separated themselves” from harsh treatment, the report says.

The New York Times

source: http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2008/05/21/1211182897520.html

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

To all the morons who say Palestine never existed

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

To all the morons who say Palestine never existed

Ever here some fool say that Palestine was never a state? Or even more ridiculous, that Palestine never existed?

If you are one of the many idiots who say that I say to you: That is the dumbest thing I have ever heard. Palestine was a State even in My Grandmother’s life time. Of all the Jewish Prime Ministers only one has ever actually been born in Israel. Even in Biblical times Jews never made up more than 3% of the population. Palestine is pronounced Falestine, if you go there no one says Palestine. It comes from the word Philistine you know the people the Jews were always writing about killing in the Bible. Note the Story of Samson who supposedly killed 1,000 Philistines with the jawbone of a donkey before a woman Delilah tricked him and cut off his magical hair which gave him super strength. Yes, I am not making that up.

Quote:
“And she made him sleep on her knees; and she called for a man, and she caused him to shave off the seven locks of his head: . . . and his strength went from him.” (Judges 16:19)

This is the kind of crap that Jews try to pass off as history. Christians believe it too yet basically none of them have bothered to read it since they were being brainwashed as small children and had it read to them.

He also supposedly killed a lion with his bare hands and also carried the gates of a city he destroyed away on his shoulders and also got water from the ground after praying to god because he was thirsty after he killed 1,000 men. Awe how nice of the Jewish god to give water to his favorite mass murderer. Read the book of Judges it’s full of all kinds of fanciful fairy tale bullshit. You can’t make up shit more wacky than the Bible stories. Ok here is the flag of Palestine before 1916

Palestine was under Ottoman and British occupations and also Roman but under Rome (who they kicked out) and in between occupations they enjoyed autonomy. The Bible is pure BS. Moses didn’t free Hebrew slaves, Cyrus the Great did and that is a historical fact. Moses is copied from the Misis mythology in Egypt as are the trinity gods Isis, Ra and El (Israel) and Horus aka the Jesus myth. History vs Religion

Quote:
Cyrus the Great (c.600–529 bc) King of Persia, founder of the Achaemenid Empire in Persia. He overthrew the Medes, then rulers of Persia, in 549 bc, defeated King Croesus of Lydia (c.546 bc), captured Babylon (539 bc) and the Greek cities in Asia Minor. Although he failed to conquer Egypt, Cyrus’ empire stretched from the Mediterranean to India. He delivered the Jews from their Babylonian Captivity, sending them home to Palestine. His decree, held in the British Museum, is regarded as the first declaration of human rights.

-World Encyclopedia (that’s a real encyclopedia not wiki [however even wiki agrees on this]) It was a Persian King Cyrus the II who freed the Jews from what is now Egypt but at the time was part of the Babylonian empire. The ancient Jews were saved by ancient Iran. Cyrus entered Babylon (now Baghdad) and replaced an unpopular king, a King who worshiped the Moon god Sin rather than the more popular god Marduk, the Harvest God (whom the famous Hanging Gardens was made for). The People wanted the king to worship Marduk not Sin so they welcomed Cyrus in ridding the corrupt king. The Persians did not believe in slavery so all the slaves in the Babylonian kingdom were set free not just the Jews. That’s right it was Cyrus not God who freed the Jews from Egypt. And they were lead by an Egyptian (not a Jew and yes that river in the basket story is nonsense) into what is now Palestine/Israel. There, the nearly all male force, (because slaves were usually men used for labor and the women probably opted to stay prostitutes rather than wonder around in the desert) immediately began their long stint of raping and murdering and constant warfare. Read the 4, 5, 6th books in the Bible and get a feel for the blood craze and if you really want something sick read Leviticus and learn the details about sacrificing animals and sleeping with your own daughters and all the laws that would result in you being put to death (by very creative means) if you broke them. Now contrast the World Encylopedia with what Zio-Wiki tries to say about Palestine. Here is the world encyclopedia.

Quote:
Palestine Territory in the Middle East, on the e shore of the Mediterranean Sea; considered a Holy Land by Jews, Christians and Muslims.Palestine has been settled continuously since 4000 bc. The Jews moved into Palestine from Egypt c.2000 bc but were subjects of the Philistines until 1020 bc, when Saul, David, and Solomon established Hebrew kingdoms. The region was then under Assyrian and, later, Persian control before coming under Roman rule in 63 bc. In succeeding centuries, Palestine became a focus of Christian pilgrimage. Muslim Arabs conquered the region in 640. In 1099, Palestine fell to the Crusaders, but in 1291 they in turn were routed by the Mamluks. The area was part of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918, when British forces defeated the Turks at Megiddo. The Balfour Declaration encouraged Jewish immigration. After World War I, the British held a League of Nations mandate over the land w of the River Jordan (now once again called Palestine). Tension between Jews and the Arab majority led to an uprising in 1936. World War II and Nazi persecution brought many Jews to Palestine, and in 1947 Britain, unable to satisfy both Jewish and Arab aspirations, consigned the problem to the United Nations. The UN proposed a plan for separate Jewish and Arab states. This was rejected by the Arabs, and in 1948 (after the first of several Arab-Israeli Wars) most of ancient Palestine became part of the new state of Israel; the Gaza Strip was controlled by Egypt and the West Bank of the River Jordan by Jordan. These two areas were subsequently occupied by Israel in 1967. .

http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O142-Palestine.html Another encyclopedia says

Quote:
In the Bible, Palestine is called Canaan before the invasion of Joshua; the usual Hebrew name is Eretz Israel [land of Israel]. Palestine is the Holy Land of Jews, having been promised to them by God; …

source Even the Bible admits that The Philistiens were living there for Joshua invaded it and the Jews self proclaimed the land by say that lol GAWD promised it to them. Sorry but you can’t just write a book saying god gave you land that people were already living in and then start murdering everyone there. If you want you can go read the bs that wiki writes. There you have it Zionism is as old as Judaism with a certain swath of people believing that God granted then land which only their ethnicity could live on. The Samson story and countless others praise the murder of Philistiens/Palestinians. Please see this to look at current conditions. Truth is Israel didn’t exist until 1947 and it is Israel that is wiping Palestine of the map. YOu may want to see this as well The Myth of the “Generous Offer.” it seems to be another common Zionist mythology. Like Occupation 101 says, Prisoneers might mke up 90% of a jail physically but the 10% control everything. And that is what was being offered. And finally you probably get sick of running into Zionist who talk about the “Security Fence” AKA the Apartheid Wall please send them here. Here is an excerpt

Quote:
Israel openly is building what senator Hillary Clinton calls a security fence, but is in reality an apartheid wall. First off, the wall, and it is certainly a wall, is not even on the Green line. It is not on Israel’s boarder; it cuts deep into the West Bank, effectively creating a land grab by cutting off a portion of Palestine from the rest of it. They are sandwiching a swath or territory between the Israeli boarder and the apartheid wall which is already being peppered with racial/ethnic settlements of religious fanatics who hold the ridiculous belief that “God” gave then the land they are stealing and murdering people to take.
PS GO DIGG our 911 theory http://digg.com/politics/911_Iraq_PNAC_All_roads_lead_to_Israel and give thumbs down to all the zionist comments. We already made the front page yesterday. And if you want to dig this article on Palsetine do so here http://digg.com/politics/To_all_the_morons_who_say_Palestine_never_existed-digg this story “Palestine never existed It was just land between two rivers where no one lived and god gave it to his chosen people…in other news the Americas were empty when the Europeans arrived and Native Americans are a myth made by the Liberal media.” -Official White Horse Source. Click for 1851 map showing Palestine Click for 1864 map showing Palestine Click for 1866 map showing Palestine Click for 1887 map showing Palestine Warning this one is graphic http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=RoWoQ9pqNbo _________________

source: http://www.rys2sense.com/anti-neocons/viewtopic.php?t=7971&start=0&postdays=0&postorder=asc&highlight=

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

British MP George Galloway Expresses Admiration of Saddam Hussein and Gamal Abd Al-Nasser and Refers to Bush and Blair as “Dogs”

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

British MP George Galloway Expresses Admiration of Saddam Hussein and Gamal Abd Al-Nasser and Refers to Bush and Blair as “Dogs”

May 15, 2008

http://www.memritv.org/clip/en/1773.htm

Following are excerpts from a public address delivered in Amman, Jordan by British MP George Galloway, which aired on Al-Jazeera TV on May 15, 2008:George Galloway: I have for 21 years sat in the British Parliament, the scene of many crimes. I had to sit in the same room for many years as Mr. Tony Blair – the peace envoy, don’t you know! You know, in history, the Roman Emperor Caligula appointed his horse a minister in the government of Rome.

[To the interpreter:] Did you get it?

Not since Caligula made his horse a minister has there been a more inappropriate appointment as the appointment of Tony Blair as the peace envoy to the Middle East. He’s dripping with the blood of the people of Iraq, of the people of Palestine, of the people of Lebanon – and he wants to be the peace envoy!

[…]

President Abd Al-Nasser, one of the greatest men of the 20th century, was described in the British Parliament by the British prime minister, in my lifetime, as the “mad dog of Cairo.” Of course, Eden’s plan failed, just like Blair’s plan in Iraq has failed. They too want to deal with somebody they described as a mad dog. But President Abd Al-Nasser and Saddam Hussein will live in history long after these dogs are forgotten.

[…]

But every day, I also have to pass the room where the British Foreign Secretary Alfred Balfour authored the Palestinian catastrophe. It was an act unique even by imperial standards – and those standards were very low. You know, I come from an Irish background. Once, I came home and told my Irish grandfather that the teacher had said that Britain had an empire so vast that upon it the sun never set. My grandfather answered: “That’s because God would never trust the British in the dark.” But Balfour was unique even by these standards. In the Balfour declaration, on behalf of one people, he promised a second people the land of a third people, and with this declaration, he sent this whole region down a bloody staircase to hell. And it has been hell almost from the moment this declaration left his lips. And so my first duty, on this occasion, is to say that if I and my friends spend the rest of our lives, and our sons spend all of their lives, trying to help recover Palestine from the colonial occupier, we will not expunge this spot. As Shakespeare said in Macbeth, all the perfumes of Arabia cannot expunge this spot. So when you hear Blair, or the British ambassador in Jordan, or Lord Levy, or any of these other British crooks, who come to throw sand in your eyes – never forget Balfour and his declaration, and all the hell that it created.

[…]

Because in this case, the victims of terrorism are called the terrorists, and the terrorists are called the victims of terrorism. This terrorist state of Israel parades around the world as a legitimate government, being received as such even in some Arab countries, whilst Hamas, elected by the people of Palestine, are called terrorists, who must be starved and beaten into submission.

[…]

Jerusalem is in the hands of foreigners – why? Baghdad is in the hands of foreigners – why? The Arab League wants to meet to discuss the presence of a few hundred Lebanese gunmen in Hamra Street and on the Kornish in Beirut, whilst one million gunmen from Brooklyn NY, London, Paris, and Moscow have occupied Palestinian land for 60 years. They want to discuss Hamra Street, when Al-Aqsa, from which the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, ascended to heaven, is in the hands of a foreign army – and they want to discuss Hamra Street?

[…]

Two years ago, I met Siniora. As I walked into the room, before he said hello, he told me: Stop saying that we won the war. We lost the war, he said. I told him: Prime Minister, you are unique amongst all Arab leaders. Most of the Arab leaders claim that they won when they lost. You are the only one to claim that you lost when you won. We met for half an hour. He didn’t serve us even water – never mind tea or coffee. But he gave a kiss for Condoleezza. Give him a visa, Condoleezza. Give him a visa, Condoleezza.

[…]

Now they want to turn you against Sayyid Hassan Nasrallah because he is a Shiite. They say there is a conspiracy – an Iranian, Syrian, Shiite conspiracy. There is a conspiracy in this region, all right, but it is an American-Israeli conspiracy. That’s what’s going on in this region. Any Arab Muslim, any Sunni, who allows himself to be drawn into this foolish false dichotomy, is falling for exactly the same divide-and-rule conspiracy of Sykes and Picot all over again.

[…]

My second mistake was to believe that Palestine could be liberated by the Palestinians themselves, that this was not an Arab question, that this was a Palestinian question. This was a mistake. In fact, Palestine will never be free until the Arabs are free. And my third mistake… I’m not going to develop that last point. All of you know what I mean. And the third mistake is this: All my life I believed that Palestine could be liberated by the Kalashnikov and the armed struggle alone. This was a mistake. We need the Kalashnikov. We need the armed struggle. This is the hammer. But we need also an anvil. The hammer is necessary to defend yourself, to strike your enemy. You must never let it down, never let it fall from your hand. But it cannot make something alone. What is needed is an anvil, and that anvil has to be mass movements of the population, of the people. The most inspiring event, of the last – we can say – 40 years, since Karameh, was when the people of Gaza, with their bare hands, in their thousands tore down the walls of their prison, and poured out of the siege into Egypt.

Close

The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) is an independent, non-profit organization providing translations of the Middle East media and original analysis and research on developments in the region. Copies of articles and documents cited, as well as background information, are available on request.
MEMRI holds copyrights on all translations. Materials may only be used with proper attribution.

source: http://www.albasrah.net/pages/mod.php?mod=art&lapage=../en_articles_2008/0508/galloway_210508.htm

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

Doug Feith: ‘What We Found In Iraq Was A Serious WMD Threat’

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Doug Feith: ‘What We Found In Iraq Was A Serious WMD Threat’

feith-point.jpg

Yesterday, Iraq War architect Douglas Feith spoke to the National Press Club to promote his book, “War and Decision,” and its revisionist description of the Bush administration’s pre-war planning.

At the event, Feith repeated his claim that the faulty intelligence regarding weapons of mass destruction in Iraq was an “error,” not a lie. Additionally, he insisted that the U.S. had in fact found “a serious WMD threat” in Iraq:

While the failure to find presumed stockpiles of dangerous weapons “was catastrophic to our credibility,” he said, it was not a result of government deception.

“It was an honest error, not a lie,” he said. “Even if you correct for that error, what we found in Iraq was a serious WMD threat.

In his book, Feith calls newspaper headlines stating that no weapons were found “fundamentally false,” and insists that the military found clear evidence of Saddam Hussein’s “intention” [his emphasis] to build weapons. A website he created to “disprove” myths about the pre-war planning states, “The Iraq Survey Group found that Saddam Hussein retained both the intention and the capability to revive bio-chemical weapons programs after sanctions were ended.”

The right wing seems unwilling to give up the belief in Iraq WMDs. In January, former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee (R) claimed the weapons were hidden like “Easter eggs” and moved to Jordan before the invasion. He also called it an “overreach” to say that just because we didn’t find them means they didn’t exist.

As late as April 2006, President Bush insisted WMDs existed in Iraq, despite having admitted two years earlier that “Iraq did not have the weapons that our intelligence believed were there.”

source: http://thinkprogress.org/2008/05/20/feith-wmd/

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

Genocide in Iraq?

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Consciousness of Guilt

Genocide in Iraq?

By DAVID MODEL

Counter Punch May 21, 2008

Despite the precipitous plunge in his popularity and growing criticism of his competency, character, and style, George W. Bush is not really that much different from other presidents with respect to his hegemonic ambitions or his proclivity to use force to achieve foreign policy objectives. Continuing historical patterns, President Bush and all presidents since World War II have committed horrendous crimes against humanity in order to protect and advance American interests under the guise of liberating people from under the jackboot of brutal dictators or communist subversives, bringing democracy to totalitarian states, improving the lives of those who are suffering and eradicating terrorism.

These are laudable goals reflecting prevailing shibboleths domestically. These goals are an alluring mantle for the real paradigm governing foreign policy which is the pursuit of American interests with total indifference to the consequences to people victimized by American “ideals”.

The gaping discrepancy between the stated goals of American foreign policy and its praxis is best exemplified by the apogee of war crimes: genocide. In its pursuit of these lofty goals, the United States has committed genocide in Iraq. Intervention resulting in genocide at the very minimum proves that American government’s professed motives for foreign policy decisions are altogether specious.

Rationalizations for the application of military force have been based on euphemistic doctrines which have no basis in American or international law. George W. Bush’s doctrine of preemptive war was not new to foreign and defence policy strategists but can be traced back to Dean Acheson’s doctrine dismissing the applicability of international law to the United States as outlined in a speech to the American Society of International Law in 1963 in which he argued that:

The power, position and prestige of the US had been challenged [Cuban Missile Crisis] by another state and the law does not deal with such questions of ultimate power – power that comes close to the source of sovereignty. [1]

In other words, national interests including meretricious threats to the sovereignty of the American State supersede international law despite the fact the United Nations Charter makes provisions for these exigencies.

The growing appetite for the unilateral application of force resulted in the “humanitarian intervention” or “illegal but legitimate” doctrine during the Clinton and Bush presidencies. This doctrine validated acts of preemption that justified the use of force whenever a threat was neither imminent nor substantial but necessary to defend the security interests of the United States against a perceived threat easily manufactured through the propaganda of fear.

Invading and occupying Iraq under the pretext of a preemptive war, a country already decimated by Dessert Storm, sanctions and no-fly-zones, represents the quintessential tragedy and hypocrisy of American foreign policy. To verify that the American Government is guilty of genocide in Iraq, I will establish a set of criteria based on the United Nations Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and apply them to Iraq.

The UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide sets out a number of criteria to evaluate whether or not a war crime attains the magnitude of genocide. These criteria are not without controversy but by examining the scholarly literature on the subject and the judgments of the International Criminal Court, I have established conservative standards to assess whether or not the American Government is responsible for genocide in Iraq.

According to the Convention:

Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, such as:

a) Killing members of the group;
b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm;
c) Deliberately inflicting conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or part;
d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

Although the phrase “in whole or in part” sounds ambiguous, its ambit has been restricted by judgments of the International Criminal Court. According to the Rapporteur for the Preparatory Commission of the International Criminal Court, “The accused aimed to destroy a large part of the group in a particular area.”

The International Criminal Court for the former Yugoslavia concluded that “The killing of all members of a group within a small geographical area” was tantamount to genocide.

Notwithstanding the imprecision of these definitions of “part”, the area in Bosnia referred to in the ruling sets a baseline for future cases. The architect of the Convention, Raphael Lemkin, intended to define “in part” as a level of destruction sufficiently substantial to imperil the existence of the group. Shedding even further light on this problem, the Convention itself considers attempted genocide to be punishable under the Convention implying that intent alone is sufficient to establish guilt.

“Intent” is another term in need of clarification. Apart from direct evidence through orders, statements, or coordinated acts, intention can be shown if “Acts of destruction that are not the specific goal but are predictable outcomes or by-products of a policy, which may have been avoided by a change in that policy.” [2]

The Genocide Convention defines two basic levels of guilt: the direct commission of genocide and complicity to commit genocide.

Complicity in genocide must embody:

    1. Intentional participation;
    2. Knowledge of the genocidal intent of the perpetrators;
    3. Organizing, planning, supplying arms, training intelligence, or direct military support.

One example of direct American genocide, Iraq, has suffered massive destruction to its infrastructure, the economy and human life, particularly since the imposition of American sanctions in 1990 and the bombing in 1991. UN Resolution 661 mandated sanctions against Iraq originally to force Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait. The resolution was worded in such a way as to grant the United States a veto over which products could be traded with Iraq. The American government exploited that veto to severely punish the people of Iraq in the hope that they would overthrow Saddam Hussein themselves.

According to a 1993 UNICEF study, “What has become increasingly clear is that no significant movement toward food security can be achieved so long as the embargo remains in place.” [3]

Declassified documents divulge the fact that the Americans were aware of and responsible for a humanitarian crisis caused by the sanctions. A Defense Intelligence Agency report on January 18, 1991 concludes that:

Failing to secure supplies [for Iraq] will result in a shortage of pure drinking water for much of the population. This could lead to increased incidences; if not epidemics of disease…Current public health problems are attributable to the reduction of normal preventative medicine, waste disposal, water purification and distribution electricity, and the decreased ability to control disease outbreaks.[4]

On January 15, 1991, B-52s were flying towards their targets in Iraq and cruise missiles were fired from ships in the Indian Ocean. Iraqi defences were incapable of offering any resistance.

Restricting the bombing to only military targets was not part of the U.S. war plan whereas targets included hospitals, electric utilities, schools, factories, water treatment plants, irrigation systems, food storage facilities and community health centres. Over 200,000 people died, the majority of whom were civilians.

In 2003, George Bush Junior inflicted further atrocities on the devastated people of Iraq and on a country virtually bombed back into pre-industrial times by another so-called war. As of today, Iraq has suffered a further one million casualties and four million refugees.

Whether or not the administrations of Bush Senior, Clinton, and Bush Junior intended to commit genocide in Iraq is irrelevant because the consequences of the bombings and sanctions could have been predicted by any reasonable person. The actions of these administrations clearly resulted in mass killing, serious bodily and mental harm, and the infliction of conditions calculated to bring about Iraq’s physical destruction in whole or in part. Iraq is a clear-cut case of genocide.

The carnage resulting from this genocide clearly exposes the disparity between the professed principles of American foreign policy and its manifest practice. This hypocrisy betrays the indifference of American leaders to basic democratic principles and to respect for both domestic and international law.

David Model is a Professor of Political Science at Seneca College. He is the author of States of Darkness: US Complicity in Genocides Since 1945. He can be reached at: david.model@senecac.on.ca

Notes

[1] Acheson, D. (1968). Dean Acheson’s remark is quoted in Louis Henkin: “How Nations Behave: Law and Foreign Policy.” Columbia University Press. P. 265-266.

[2] Gellately, R., and Kiernan, B. (Eds.). (2003). The Specter of Genocide: Mass Murder in Historical Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press. P. 15.

[3] UNICEF Report. (1993). Children, War, and Sanctions. Cited in Ullrich, G. (1998) “The effects of Sanctions on the Civilian Community of Iraq.”

[4] Defense Intelligence Agency. (1991, January 8). Iraq Water Treatment Vulnerabilities.

source: http://www.counterpunch.org/model05212008.html

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

Bush stops short of apologising for Quran desecration

Posted by musliminsuffer on May 22, 2008

bismi-lLahi-rRahmani-rRahiem
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

=== News Update ===

Bush stops short of apologising for Quran desecration

By Khalid Hasan

WASHINGTON: The White House has denied an Iraqi report that said, quoting Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s office, that President Bush had apologised for the incident in which an American soldier took potshots at the Holy Quran.

National Security Council spokesman Gordon Johndr said that the president had expressed “deep concern”. In his words, “President Bush expressed his deep concern over the incident and told prime minister (al-Maliki) that the soldier has been reprimanded by his commanders and removed from Iraq.”

However, al-Maliki’s office said Bush issued an apology on behalf of the United States and “promised to present the soldier to the courts”. The office said Bush apologised in a call to al-Maliki on Tuesday morning.

The US military, anyway, has tendered an apology. The sergeant responsible for the outrage has been relieved of duty as a section leader “with prejudice”, officially reprimanded by his commanding general, dismissed from his regiment and transferred from Iraq to the United States.

Reports of the desecration have caused a worldwide uproar among Muslims. The soldier, whose name has not been released, shot at a copy of the Quran on May 9, Iraqi villagers have said. The desecrated Quran was discovered two days later.

Link

===

-muslim voice-
______________________________________
BECAUSE YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO KNOW

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »